Published on September 4, 2014 by Carol
Tuscarora War Summary and Definition
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Tuscarora War Summary and Definition: The Tuscarora War was a fought between colonists and settlers and various indigenous tribes in the area of North Carolina (North and South Carolina were one colony until 1729). The Tuscarora tribe of Iroquoian speaking Indians were led by Chief Hancock in the south of the region. The Tuscarora War erupted due to land encroachment by the colonists, trade disputes and the actions of some settlers in enslaving some of the Tuscarora Indians. John Lawson, the Surveyor General of North Carolina, turned a ‘blind eye’ to these activities and was captured and executed by the Tuscarora tribe in 1711, which started the war. Chief Hancock enlisted the help of the Pamplico, Cothechney, Core, Mattamuskeet and the Matchepungoe tribes. Chief Tom Blunt in the North of the region refused to join the forces of Chief Hancock and sided with the British. Expeditions against the Tuscarora consisting of militia and Indian allies, including the Yamasee, were led by Colonel John Barnwell and Colonel James Moore. Chief Tom Blunt captured Chief Hancock who was executed by the British. There were many casualties in this bloody conflict – and Indian captives were sold into slavery. The Tuscarora tribe were forced to leave the area to escape from the colonists and settled in New York. The Tuscarora later became the sixth nation in the Iroquois Confederacy. The Yamasee became discontent with the British leading to the Yamasee War in 1715.
Fast Facts about the Tuscarora War