Tuscarora War Summary and Definition

Published on September 4, 2014 by Carol

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Tuscarora Camp

Tuscarora War Summary and Definition

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Tuscarora War Summary and Definition: The Tuscarora War was a fought between colonists and settlers and various indigenous tribes in the area of North Carolina (North and South Carolina were one colony until 1729). The Tuscarora tribe of Iroquoian speaking Indians were led by Chief Hancock in the south of the region. The Tuscarora War erupted due to land encroachment by the colonists, trade disputes and the actions of some settlers in enslaving some of the Tuscarora Indians. John Lawson, the Surveyor General of North Carolina, turned a ‘blind eye’ to these activities and was captured and executed by the Tuscarora tribe in 1711, which started the war. Chief Hancock enlisted the help of the Pamplico, Cothechney, Core, Mattamuskeet and the Matchepungoe tribes. Chief Tom Blunt in the North of the region refused to join the forces of Chief Hancock and sided with the British. Expeditions against the Tuscarora consisting of militia and Indian allies, including the Yamasee, were led by Colonel John Barnwell and Colonel James Moore. Chief Tom Blunt captured Chief Hancock who was executed by the British. There were many casualties in this bloody conflict – and Indian captives were sold into slavery. The Tuscarora tribe were forced to leave the area to escape from the colonists and settled in New York. The Tuscarora later became the sixth nation in the Iroquois Confederacy. The Yamasee became discontent with the British leading to the Yamasee War in 1715.

Fast Facts about the Tuscarora War

  • Name of Conflict: Tuscarora War
  • Alternative Names for the Tuscarora War: Chief Hancock’s War
  • Year the Tuscarora War started: 1711
  • Year the Tuscarora War ended: 1715
  • Combatants in the Tuscarora War: British, American, Dutch, and German colonists and settlers and Indian allies
  • Combatants in the Tuscarora War: Tuscarora, Pamplico, Cothechney, Core, Mattamuskeet and the Matchepungoe tribes
  • Result of the Tuscarora War: Victory for the settlers and colonists. A peace treaty was eventually signed in June 1718, although hostilities had mostly ceased before this date
  • Famous Leaders in the Tuscarora War: The British were led by Edward Hyde, Colonel John Barnwell and Colonel James Moore. Chief Tom Blount sided with the British
  • The Tuscarora belligerents were led by Chief Hancock who was executed by the British in 1712
  • Source: warpaths2peacepipes

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