Tula people

Published on December 13, 2012 by Amy

Love this article and want to save it to read again later? Add it to your favourites! To find all your favourite posts, check out My Favourites on the menu bar.

Tula Map
Tula Map

The Tula were a Native American tribe that lived in what is now western Arkansas.

dna testing, dna ancestry testing, ancestry, genealogy, indian genealogy records, paternity testing, turquoise jewelry, native american jewelry


The Tula are known to history only from the chronicles of Spanish conquistador Hernando de Soto’s exploits in the interior of North America.

The Tula were possibly a Caddoan people, but this is not certain. Based on the descriptions of the various chroniclers, “Tula Province”, or their homeland, may have been at the headwaters of the Ouachita, Caddo, Little Missouri, Saline, and Cossatot Rivers in Arkansas. They are also thought to have lived in the northern Ouachita Mountains in the Petit Jean and Fourche valleys.

De Soto violently clashed with the tribe in 1541. His secretary, Rodrigo Ranjel described the Tula as, “the best fighting people that the Christians met with.” A statue was erected in the late 20th century to commemorate the Tula, but de Soto scholars suspect that the location of the statue does not correspond with the Tula’s actual homeland. The Tula are thought to be the first Caddo band to encounter Europeans.

The 16th century Spanish chroniclers wrote that the Tula practiced cranial deformation and tattooed their faces. They fought with large spears.

An archaeological site, Bluffton Mound Site (3YE15), 35-40 southwest of the Arkansas River is associated with the Tula. The site is a Caddoan Mississippian culture mound center.

It was suggested by Swanton that the Tula assimilated into other Kadohadacho tribes, meaning their descendants would be enrolled in the Caddo Nation of Oklahoma today.


The word “Tula” is not a Caddo word. The tribe and province are also known as Tulia.

Source: wikipedia

NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged
Based on the collective work of NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com, © 2015 Native American Encyclopedia.
Cite This Source | Link To Tula people
Add these citations to your bibliography. Select the text below and then copy and paste it into your document.

American Psychological Association (APA):

Tula people NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged. Retrieved May 23, 2015, from NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com website: http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com/tula-people/

Chicago Manual Style (CMS):

Tula people NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com. NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged. Native American Encyclopedia http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com/tula-people/ (accessed: May 23, 2015).

Modern Language Association (MLA):

"Tula people" NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged. Native American Encyclopedia 23 May. 2015. <NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com/tula-people/>.

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE):

NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com, "Tula people" in NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged. Source location: Native American Encyclopedia http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com/tula-people/. Available: http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com. Accessed: May 23, 2015.

BibTeX Bibliography Style (BibTeX)

@ article {NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com2015,
    title = {NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged},
    month = May,
    day = 23,
    year = 2015,
    url = {http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com/tula-people/},
You might also like:

Tags:  , , , ,

Facebook Comments

You must be logged in to post a comment.

Latest Articles
Did You Know?

Clarence Birdseye is attributed with bringing quick frozen foods to the masses. He got the idea during his fur trapping expeditions to Labrador in 1912 and 1916, where he saw the Native Americans and Aboriginals use freezing to preserve foods.

In the Spotlight
Most Favourited Posts
Photo Galleries
Native American Politicians INative American Tribe Atsina IINative American Tribe OsageNative American Wisdom