Treaty of Fort Harmar

Published on July 6, 2014 by Amy

Love this article and want to save it to read again later? Add it to your favourites! To find all your favourite posts, check out My Favourites on the menu bar.

Treaty of Fort Harmar
Treaty of Fort Harmar

The Treaty of Fort Harmar was an agreement between the United States government and numerous Native American tribes with claims to the Northwest Territory. It was signed at Fort Harmar, near present-day Marietta, Ohio, on January 9, 1789. Representatives of the Iroquois Six Nations and other groups, including the Wyandot, Delaware, Ottawa, Chippewa, Potawatomi and Sauk met with Arthur St. Clair, the governor of the Northwest Territory, and other American leaders such as Josiah Harmar and Richard Butler.

dna testing, dna ancestry testing, ancestry, genealogy, indian genealogy records, paternity testing, turquoise jewelry, native american jewelry

The treaty was supposed to address issues remaining since the 1784 Treaty of Fort Stanwix and the 1785 Treaty of Fort McIntosh; but, the new agreement did little more than reiterate the terms of those two previous documents with a few minor changes. The negotiations and document failed to address the most important grievances of the tribes, namely, the settlement of New Englanders in the Firelands portions of the Western Reserve, an area that extended into the territory set aside for the tribes.

Governor Arthur St. Clair had been authorized by Congress and Secretary of War Henry Knox to offer back some lands reserved for American settlement in exchange for the disputed Firelands of the Western Reserve. St. Clair refused to give up these lands and instead, through threats and bribery, negotiated a treaty that simply reiterated the terms of previous treaties. Several regional tribes, such as the Shawnee, were excluded from the negotiations. As a result, the Shawnee refused to abide by the treaty.

The new treaty did almost nothing to stop the rash of violence along the frontier from confrontations between settlers and Indians. The failure of the treaty led to an escalation of the Northwest Indian War as the tribes tried to expel the pioneers; it continued for six years until the United States defeated the tribal alliance at the Battle of Fallen Timbers in 1794.

In 1795, with the Treaty of Greenville, the tribes were forced to give up claims to most of what is now the state of Ohio. This treaty divided the Northwest Territory into two parts; one for the Native Americans and one for the United States settlers.

Source: wikipedia

NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged
Based on the collective work of NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com, © 2014 Native American Encyclopedia.
Cite This Source | Link To Treaty of Fort Harmar
Add these citations to your bibliography. Select the text below and then copy and paste it into your document.

American Psychological Association (APA):

Treaty of Fort Harmar NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged. Retrieved October 25, 2014, from NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com website: http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com/treaty-fort-harmar/

Chicago Manual Style (CMS):

Treaty of Fort Harmar NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com. NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged. Native American Encyclopedia http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com/treaty-fort-harmar/ (accessed: October 25, 2014).

Modern Language Association (MLA):

"Treaty of Fort Harmar" NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged. Native American Encyclopedia 25 Oct. 2014. <NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com/treaty-fort-harmar/>.

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE):

NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com, "Treaty of Fort Harmar" in NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged. Source location: Native American Encyclopedia http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com/treaty-fort-harmar/. Available: http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com. Accessed: October 25, 2014.

BibTeX Bibliography Style (BibTeX)

@ article {NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com2014,
    title = {NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged},
    month = Oct,
    day = 25,
    year = 2014,
    url = {http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com/treaty-fort-harmar/},
}
You might also like:

Tags:  , , , ,

Facebook Comments

You must be logged in to post a comment.