Published on August 10, 2012 by Amy
The Sans Arc, or Itázipčho (Itazipcola, Hazipco – ‘Those who hunt without bows’) in Lakota, are a subdivision of the Lakota people. Sans Arc is the French translation of the Lakota name which means, “Without bows.” The translator of Wooden Leg: A Warrior Who Fought Custer renders the name as Arrows all Gone. They live in the Cheyenne River Reservation.
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One of the many folk etymologies of the Lakota name tells the following story: The true meaning of Itazipacola is “no markings”. This referred to the fact that the Itazipco were so generous they did not mark their arrows (they were usually marked so that braves could claim the bison they killed (etc.); that way everyone could share the meat of the hunt. This is why when the Creator wanted to give the pipe to the Lakota, the White Buffalo Woman Wopi brought it to the Itazipco, because they would always be willing to share it.
Together with the Minneconjou (Mnikȟówožu, Hokwoju – ‘Plants by the Water’) and Two Kettles (Oóhe Núŋpa, Oóhenuŋpa, Oohenonpa – ‘Two Boiling’ or ‘Two Kettles’) they were often referred to as Central Lakota and divided into several bands or thiyóšpaye: