The History of The Canoe

Published on December 15, 2013 by Amy

Love this article and want to save it to read again later? Add it to your favourites! To find all your favourite posts, check out My Favourites on the menu bar.

Yukon River Cedar Canoe Voyage
Yukon River Cedar Canoe Voyage

Canoes were developed over the course of thousands of years by the native peoples of North America. The word ‘canoe’ originiated from the word ‘kenu’ – meaning dugout. These seagoing boats were used by the Carib Indians of the Caribbean islands, and were made of large tree trunks which were shaped and hollowed, and were strong enough to travel between the islands.

dna testing, dna ancestry testing, ancestry, genealogy, indian genealogy records, paternity testing, turquoise jewelry, native american jewelry

North American Indians are responsible for creating the more well-known version of the canoe – a frame of wooden ribs covered with the lightweight bark of birch trees, and sometimes elm or cedar trees. These boats, which have remained virtually unchanged in design for thousands of years, proved to be ideal for travelling the numerous streams, rivers and lakes of North America.

Birchbark was the perfect choice to build canoes because, not only was it lightweight and smooth, but it was also waterproof and resilient. As well, the birch tree was found in almost every area of Canada, except for the western subarctic region, where spruce bark had to fill in as a substitute.

The joints of the canoes were held together by the root of the white pine and then made waterproof by applying hot pine or spruce resin.

As the commerce of early North America grew, so did the need for canoes. The fur trade became so large, in fact, that the French set up the world’s first known canoe factory at Trois-Rivieres, Quebec, around the year 1750. Many of the canoes that fur traders used were capable of carrying a crew of up to 12 people and a cargo weighing around 2400 kilograms.

Two Types of Canoes

There are two types of canoes, the K-boat, or kayak, a closed decked vessel, is generally meant for the use of one person and is propelled by a single paddle with a blade at either end.

The second type of canoe is the more traditional C-boat, or Canadian. The C-boat is manufactured from many different materials, ranging from wood to kevlar. This type of canoe is usually around 17 feet long, a different weight depending on the material used to build it, and meant for two people. The canoeists each use a paddle with a single blade.

The Voyageurs

The history of Canadian wilderness canoeing has a cast of thousands. To many, Bill Mason rightfully stands as the embodiment of everything about canoeing. But before Bill was on the scene there was a group of gentlemen paddlers who were dubbed by the press “The Voyageurs” after the early fur traders. They began their canoeing exploits without much fanfare but by the time they were done they had influenced, directly or indirectly, a whole generation of paddlers.

Source: canoe

NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged
Based on the collective work of NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com, © 2014 Native American Encyclopedia.
Cite This Source | Link To The History of The Canoe
Add these citations to your bibliography. Select the text below and then copy and paste it into your document.

American Psychological Association (APA):

The History of The Canoe NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged. Retrieved April 23, 2014, from NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com website: http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com/the-history-the-canoe/

Chicago Manual Style (CMS):

The History of The Canoe NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com. NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged. Native American Encyclopedia http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com/the-history-the-canoe/ (accessed: April 23, 2014).

Modern Language Association (MLA):

"The History of The Canoe" NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged. Native American Encyclopedia 23 Apr. 2014. <NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com/the-history-the-canoe/>.

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE):

NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com, "The History of The Canoe" in NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged. Source location: Native American Encyclopedia http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com/the-history-the-canoe/. Available: http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com. Accessed: April 23, 2014.

BibTeX Bibliography Style (BibTeX)

@ article {NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com2014,
    title = {NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged},
    month = Apr,
    day = 23,
    year = 2014,
    url = {http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com/the-history-the-canoe/},
}
You might also like:

Tags:  , , , ,

Facebook Comments

You must be logged in to post a comment.