The Escalation of the French and Indian Wars

Published on August 30, 2014 by Carol

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French Indian War

French and Indian Wars – King William’s War Summary
King William’s War (1688-1699) is the name given to the first conflicts in the French and Indian Wars. It was named after the King William III who was the English monarch at the time of the conflict. King William’s War was the North American extension of the War of the Grand Alliance in Europe. King William’s War involved French Canadians and New England colonists and their Indian allies. The English captured Port Royal, Acadia (which later became Nova Scotia), but failed to take Quebec. The French won conflicts at Schenectady, New York, and in New England but failed to take Boston. The war ended with the Treaty of Rijswijk which was ratified on January 7, 1699. The peace did not last long, and within five years, the colonies were embroiled in the next of the French and Indian Wars which was named Queen Anne’s War.

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French and Indian Wars – Queen Anne’s War Summary
Queen Anne’s War (1702-1713) is the name given to the second of the conflicts in the French and Indian Wars. It was named after the Queen Anne who was the English monarch at the time of the conflict. Queen Anne’s War was the counterpart of the War of the Spanish Succession in Europe. In addition to the two main combatants England and France, the war also involved a number of American Indian tribes and Spain, which was allied with France. During Queen Anne’s War American colonial settlements along the New York and New England borders with Canada were raided by French forces and their Indian allies during this period of the French and Indian Wars. The British captured of Port Royal in 1710 that resulted in the French lands called Acadia becoming the British province of Nova Scotia. Under the Treaty of Utrecht (1713), Great Britain also acquired Newfoundland and the Hudson Bay region from France during this important conflict in the French and Indian Wars.

French and Indian Wars – King George’s War Summary
King George’s War (1744 – 1748) is the name given to the third of the series of conflicts in the French and Indian Wars. It was named after the King George who was the English monarch at the time of the conflict. King George’s War was the North American extension of the War of the Austrian Succession in Europe. King George’s War involved disputes over the boundaries of Nova Scotia and the borders of northern New England and control of the Ohio Valley. The war ended with the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle in 1748 that restored conquered territory but failed to resolve colonial issues that had arisen during the French and Indian Wars.

French and Indian Wars – The French Indian War
The French Indian War (1754-1763) is the name of the fourth and final series of conflicts in the French and Indian Wars. It was the North American counterpart of the Seven Years War that was fought in Europe against France and Austria. The Seven Years War in Europe had been caused by the commercial and colonial rivalry between Britain and France and the conflict in Germany between Prussia and Austria. The North American dispute was whether the upper Ohio River valley was a part of the British empire or part of the French Empire. The population of the area was predominantly occupied by British settlers but France had made the greatest inroads into the exploration, trade, and Indian alliances in the area. In 1754 the French gained a victory and ousted a British force, including a colonial militia under Colonel George Washington, at Fort Necessity, Pennsylvania. Until 1757 France continued to dominate, but in 1758 Great Britain increased aid to its troops based in North America and won victories at Louisbourg, Fort Frontenac, and Fort Duquesne in Pittsburgh. The final British victory at the Battle of Quebec in 1759 led to the fall of New France in 1760. The conflict known as the French and Indian Wars ended with the Treaty of Paris in 1763 during which France ceded its North American territory to Great Britain. So ended the French and Indian Wars.

The Escalation of the French and Indian Wars
The number of British troops who fought in the French and Indian Wars started in King William’s War (1688-1699) with just under 2,000 men in arms on both sides. The scale of escalation and the severity of each successive conflict in the French and Indian Wars ended with 25,000 British regular soldiers fighting in the Seven Years War.

Source: warpaths2peacepipes

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