Published on January 20, 2013 by Carol
The ABENAKI OF THE ST. LAWRENCE VALLEY are well documented, but less well-known communities in New Hampshire, Vermont, and Maine have persisted into the early 21st century. There are approximately 2500 Abenaki living in Vermont and nearly that many in Canadian communities. In Québec, there are more than 400 Abenaki on the Odanak and Wôlinak reserves. The Musée des Abénakis, a museum that focuses on Western Abenaki history and culture, is located in Odanak.
In addition to the long-standing Abenaki communities in Québec and Maine, there are communities in Vermont and New Hampshire, especially around Lake Champlain. A LAND CLAIM settlement between the Eastern Abenaki Penobscot Nation and the State of Maine was broadened to include allied MALISEET and Passamaquoddy residing there. Like the MI’KMAQ, these nations are also Eastern Algonquians, but they are not considered Abenaki.
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Today, most Abenaki are engaged in mainstream occupations of Québec and New England. They continue to be known for the quality of their split basketry and their lively folklore. There are several organizations that exist to foster various aspects of traditional Abenaki culture and to promote broader understanding of Abenaki history and arts.