Chiricahua Apaches as “Bloodthirsty Savages”
At San Carlos, the Chiricahuas had two choices. They could suffer and die on the reservation, or they could
The San Carlos Indian Reservation (1872-1884)
Life at San Carlos during the 1870s and 1880s was horrible. The government crowded together Apaches from different tribes in places lacking food and
Early Chiricahua Apache Reservations (1872-1877)
In 1872, the government corralled Ch’uk’ánde, Ndéndaande, and Bidankaande on the Chiricahua Apache Reservation in southeastern
Apaches Before 1886
The Creator, White Painted Woman, and her children, Child of the Water and Killer of Enemies, were present at the
About Transportation for the Pueblo Indians
Horses didn't arrive into southwest America until the 1600s. Until then, transportation among the Pueblo tribes meant either using your feet or using dogs.
Hopi Snake Dance
After looking into the dances of the Aztec’s I realized that there are many other dances native to the state of Arizona on every border. One of the tribes near and dear to my heart is the Hopi
Battle of Bear Valley
The Battle of Bear Valley was a small engagement fought in 1918 between a band of Yaquis and a detachment of United States Army soldiers. On January 9, 1918, elements of the American 10th Cavalry
What Is Hopi Silversmithing?
The American Southwest, more specifically, northern Arizona is the focal point of Native American Hopi
Victorio’s War (1879–1880)
Victorio's War, or the Victorio Campaign, was an armed conflict between the Apache followers of Chief Victorio, the United States, and Mexico beginning in September 1879. Following his escape from
Ancient Navajo Rugs
The Navajo tribe crossed the Bering Strait from Asia to Alaska and arrived in what is now the U.S.
How to Identify Markings on an Ancient Indian Pottery Vase
Identifying markings on ancient Native American (Indian) pottery can be challenging.
About Apache Indian Symbols
Apache Indians are a nomadic hunter-gatherer society and much of its culture and symbolism is rooted in
Apache Wars: Chiricahua Wars
In 1851, near the Piños Altos mining camp, Coloradas was attacked by a group of miners; they tied him to a tree and severely beat him. Similar incidents continued in violation of the treaty, leading