Native American Tribes in the State of Oregon

Published on August 16, 2010 by Christian

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State of Oregon
State of Oregon

Oregon Native Americans speak of being in this area now called Oregon “from time immemorial.” Archaeological evidence from different areas of the state provides information about villages and traditional lifeways dating back many thousands of years.

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Native American tribes represent unique legal entities in the United States and are distinct political communities with extensive powers of self-government. Oregon tribes are separate sovereigns with powers to protect the health, safety and welfare of their members and to govern their lands. This tribal sovereignty predates the existence of the U.S. government and the State of Oregon. Since 1924, all Oregon Indians are also citizens of the U.S.

Oregon’s Indian population, according to the 2000 U.S. census, was 45,211, with a current estimate of 50,000. Close to 50 percent of those are members of Oregon tribes; the others are members of tribes in other states, members of non-recognized tribes, or those who self-identify as “Indian” for the Census. Oregon’s Indian population is about 1.6 percent of the total Oregon population. There are Native Americans in all 36 Oregon counties.

Source: Oregon Blue Book Unabridged
Based on the collective work of, © 2014 Native American Encyclopedia.
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Did You Know?

Native Americans invented their own pain reliever. The active ingredient in Aspirin (and other versions) was known to Native people for centuries and is an acid compound that can be found in 15-20 species of the Willow Tree.

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