Published on July 15, 2014 by Amy
The Seminole Agency (or Florida Agency) was established in 1822, with a subagency for the Indians of Florida. In 1826, a the Apalachicola Subagency for the Indians along the river of the same name was established. The Seminole Agency located its headquarters on the Seminole Reservation in central Florida. In 1834, the agent for the Seminoles was made Superintend of Emigration, in anticipation of the moving of the Seminoles to Indian Territory. Since not all Seminoles moved to Indian Territory, a subagent was appointed in 1849 for those remaining in Florida.
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In 1842, a separate subagency for the western Seminole was established on the Deep Fork of the Canadian River and was moved to the Little River in 1845. Many of the Seminoles of Florida moved to Indian Territory in 1858 and came under the Seminole Agency there, which had become a full agency in 1855. This Seminole Agency was later consolidated into what became the Union Agency in Oklahoma.
The Seminole Indians who remained in Florida had no regularly assigned agent in Florida after 1858, but some individuals were assigned field duties concerning them from time to time.
A special commissioner was assigned to the Seminoles of Florida in 1913, and from that, a permanent Florida Agency evolved.