Second Battle of Adobe Walls (1874)

Published on March 4, 2013 by Carol

Love this article and want to save it to read again later? Add it to your favourites! To find all your favourite posts, check out My Favourites on the menu bar.


Second Battle of Adobe Walls

A decade later, several merchants from Dodge City, Kansas had set up a trading post complex near the ruins of Adobe Walls with the primary purpose of serving and an ever increasing influx of buffalo hunters in the area. Of those Indians that remained in the area, they correctly perceived the post and the buffalo hunting as a major threat to their existence. In the spring, the Indians held a sun dance, where Comanche medicine man, Isa-tai, foretold a victory to the warriors who participated in a battle to rid the buffalo hunters. Early in the morning of June 27, 1874, a combined force of some 700 Comanche, Cheyenne, Kiowa, and Arapaho warriors, led by Comanche Chief Quanah Parker and Isa-tai, attacked the buffalo camp.
Though the post held only 28 men, including Old West characters, Bat Masterson and Billy Dixon, Isa-tai’s prophecy proved to be an illusion. Despite being dramatically outnumbered, the hunters’ superior weapons repelled the Indian assault. After four days of continuous battle, about 100 men arrived to reinforce the post and the Indians soon retreated. While estimates vary as to the losses, as many as 70 Indians were killed and many others, including Parker, were wounded.

dna testing, dna ancestry testing, ancestry, genealogy, indian genealogy records, paternity testing, turquoise jewelry, native american jewelry

The result of Adobe Walls was not only a crushing spiritual defeat for the Indians, it also led to the Red River War of 1874-75 that would end in the final relocation of the Southern Plains Indians to reservations.

Though all signs of the Adobe Walls ruins have long since been obliterated, a monument has been erected at the site.

Source: Legendsofamerica

NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged
Based on the collective work of NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com, © 2014 Native American Encyclopedia.
Cite This Source | Link To Second Battle of Adobe Walls (1874)
Add these citations to your bibliography. Select the text below and then copy and paste it into your document.

American Psychological Association (APA):

Second Battle of Adobe Walls (1874) NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged. Retrieved July 12, 2014, from NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com website: http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com/second-battle-adobe-walls-1874/

Chicago Manual Style (CMS):

Second Battle of Adobe Walls (1874) NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com. NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged. Native American Encyclopedia http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com/second-battle-adobe-walls-1874/ (accessed: July 12, 2014).

Modern Language Association (MLA):

"Second Battle of Adobe Walls (1874)" NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged. Native American Encyclopedia 12 Jul. 2014. <NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com/second-battle-adobe-walls-1874/>.

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE):

NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com, "Second Battle of Adobe Walls (1874)" in NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged. Source location: Native American Encyclopedia http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com/second-battle-adobe-walls-1874/. Available: http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com. Accessed: July 12, 2014.

BibTeX Bibliography Style (BibTeX)

@ article {NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com2014,
    title = {NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged},
    month = Jul,
    day = 12,
    year = 2014,
    url = {http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com/second-battle-adobe-walls-1874/},
}
You might also like:

Tags:  , , , , , , ,

Second Battle of Adobe Walls (1874)

Published on September 23, 2012 by Casey

Love this article and want to save it to read again later? Add it to your favourites! To find all your favourite posts, check out My Favourites on the menu bar.

Second Battle of Adobe Walls
Adobe Walls battlefield

Second Battle of Adobe Walls

The Second Battle of Adobe Walls was fought on June 27, 1874 between Comanche forces and a group of twenty-eight U.S. bison hunters defending the settlement of Adobe Walls, Texas in what is now Hutchinson County, Texas.

dna testing, dna ancestry testing, ancestry, genealogy, indian genealogy records, paternity testing, turquoise jewelry, native american jewelry

Background

Adobe Walls Settlement
Adobe Walls was the name of a trading post in the Texas Panhandle, just north of the Canadian River. In 1845, an Adobe fort was built there to house the post, but it was blown up by the traders three years later after repeated Indian attacks. In 1864, the ruins were the site of one of the largest battles ever to take place on the Great Plains. Colonel Christopher “Kit” Carson led 335 soldiers from New Mexico and 72 Ute and Jicarilla Apache scouts against a force of more than one thousand Comanche, Kiowa, and Plains Apache. The Indian army forced Carson to retreat though he was acclaimed as a hero for successfully striking a blow against the Indians and for leading his men out of the trap with minimal casualties. This is known as the First Battle of Adobe Walls.

After the decimation of the buffalo herd in Kansas the hunters moved south and west to continue practicing their professional depredation of the buffalo. In June 1874 (ten years after the first battle), a group of enterprising businessmen had set up two stores near the ruins of the old trading post in an effort to rekindle the town of Adobe Walls. The complex quickly grew to include two stores (Leonard & Meyers and Chas. Rath & Co.), a corral, a restaurant, and a blacksmith shop (Tom Keif), all of which served the population of 200-300 buffalo hunters in the area. By late June there had been talk of imminent Indian problems and, in recent weeks, hunters had actually been killed. Some 28 or 29 persons were present at Adobe Walls, including James Hanrahan the saloon owner, a 20-year old Bat Masterson, William “Billy” Dixon (whose famous long-distance rifle shot effectively ended the siege), and one woman, the wife of cook William Olds.

Native American Alliance
The remaining free-ranging Southern Plains bands (Comanche, Cheyenne, Kiowa, and Arapaho) perceived the post and the buffalo hunting as a major threat to their existence. That spring, the Indians held a sun dance. Comanche medicine man Isa-tai promised victory and immunity from bullets to warriors who took the fight to the enemy. There are many different figures given for the number of Indians who took part in the attack, with good estimates of as few as 230-300, and other claims of as many as 1500. The lower figure is considered by many to be the most likely, but the number will never be known. What is known is that, at dawn on June 27, 1874, a large group of Indian warriors under the leadership of Quanah Parker and Isa-tai attacked the post. On the 5th of June, 1874, Hanrahan and his party of hunters departed Dodge City for Adobe Walls and on the 7th, at Sharp’s Creek, seventy-five miles southwest of Dodge, the party encountered a band of Cheyenne Indians who ran-off all of their cattle stock. The party then joined a wagon train which was enroute to the Walls and accompanied them, arriving just hours before the major battle took place.

Source: Wikipedia

NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged
Based on the collective work of NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com, © 2014 Native American Encyclopedia.
Cite This Source | Link To Second Battle of Adobe Walls (1874)
Add these citations to your bibliography. Select the text below and then copy and paste it into your document.

American Psychological Association (APA):

Second Battle of Adobe Walls (1874) NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged. Retrieved July 12, 2014, from NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com website: http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com/second-battle-adobe-walls-1874/

Chicago Manual Style (CMS):

Second Battle of Adobe Walls (1874) NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com. NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged. Native American Encyclopedia http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com/second-battle-adobe-walls-1874/ (accessed: July 12, 2014).

Modern Language Association (MLA):

"Second Battle of Adobe Walls (1874)" NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged. Native American Encyclopedia 12 Jul. 2014. <NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com/second-battle-adobe-walls-1874/>.

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE):

NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com, "Second Battle of Adobe Walls (1874)" in NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged. Source location: Native American Encyclopedia http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com/second-battle-adobe-walls-1874/. Available: http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com. Accessed: July 12, 2014.

BibTeX Bibliography Style (BibTeX)

@ article {NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com2014,
    title = {NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged},
    month = Jul,
    day = 12,
    year = 2014,
    url = {http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com/second-battle-adobe-walls-1874/},
}
You might also like:

Tags:  , , ,

Facebook Comments

You must be logged in to post a comment.