Red River War summary

Published on February 3, 2013 by Carol

Love this article and want to save it to read again later? Add it to your favourites! To find all your favourite posts, check out My Favourites on the menu bar.

Red River War

Like their counterparts in the north, the Southern Plains tribes’ way of life depended definitively upon the buffalo. They used virtually all of the animal for food, tools, shelter, clothing, sacred objects and even playthings for their youngsters. Perhaps 60 million buffalo thundered across the plains in the early 1800s.

dna testing, dna ancestry testing, ancestry, genealogy, indian genealogy records, paternity testing, turquoise jewelry, native american jewelry

After the Civil War, impoverished white hunters were hell bent for leather to exterminate vast numbers of buffalo for their hides, which threatened the tribes with radical destitution. The Indians violently resisted, but following the Treaty of Medicine Lodge in 1867, the Cheyenne, Arapaho, Comanche, Kataka and Kiowa were relegated to reservations in Oklahoma and Texas. Under these circumstances, the tribes had to depend upon white patronage for survival. The U.S. government failed to adhere to the treaty terms for their support, which resulted in a hard and unjust life for the residents.

Over time, some braves slipped away, took up arms against this outcome and began to maraud white sojourners, settlers and hunters. In June 1874 Indians attacked about 30 buffalo hunters in their camp at Adobe Walls in northern Texas. The assault was expensive; many warriors were cut down by the hunters’ long-range rifles, including one owned by Bat Masterton — and the incident precipitated the Red River War.

In the fall, General William T. Sherman, aided by General Philip Sheridan, directed U.S. infantry and cavalry against the renegades in 14 see-saw battles in the Red River Valley of northern Texas. The soldiers never gave their quarry rest; half-starved and disheartened, the surviving warriors gradually returned to their reservations and their leaders were clapped in irons in Florida. After the Red River War, there were no independent tribes ranging the Southern Plains by the end of 1875 and most of the buffalo were wiped out.

This was a significant chapter in the area’s history in another respect: The region was thrown open to white settlement, including ranching and farming.

Source: US-history Unabridged
Based on the collective work of, © 2015 Native American Encyclopedia.
Cite This Source | Link To Red River War summary
Add these citations to your bibliography. Select the text below and then copy and paste it into your document.

American Psychological Association (APA):

Red River War summary Unabridged. Retrieved May 28, 2015, from website:

Chicago Manual Style (CMS):

Red River War summary Unabridged. Native American Encyclopedia (accessed: May 28, 2015).

Modern Language Association (MLA):

"Red River War summary" Unabridged. Native American Encyclopedia 28 May. 2015. <>.

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE):, "Red River War summary" in Unabridged. Source location: Native American Encyclopedia Available: Accessed: May 28, 2015.

BibTeX Bibliography Style (BibTeX)

@ article {NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com2015,
    title = { Unabridged},
    month = May,
    day = 28,
    year = 2015,
    url = {},
You might also like:

Tags:  , , , , , , ,

Facebook Comments

You must be logged in to post a comment.

Latest Articles
Did You Know?

With the arrival of Christopher Columbus in 1492 20th Century Scholars estimate the pre Columbian population of Native Americans to be between 50 and 100 Million peoples.

In the Spotlight
Most Favourited Posts
Photo Galleries
Native American Tribe WashoNative American Tribe Keres IINative American Tribe OgalalaNative American Tribe Kato