Published on January 12, 2013 by Amy
The Pinoleville Pomo Nation is a federally recognized tribe of Pomo people in Mendocino County, California. Leona Williams currently serves as Tribal Chairperson.
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The Pinoleville Pomo Nation’s reservation is the Pinoleville Rancheria. The primary parcel of land occupies 99 acres (400,000 m2) in Mendocino County, and approximately 70 tribal members reside there. A second parcel, located in Lake County, is 6.7 acres (27,000 m2) large. The tribe is trying to place this second parcel into trust and develop it with housing. The Rancheria was terminated by the US Federal Government but it was restored in the 1980s.
The Pomo who became the Pinoleville Band lived in northern Ukiah Valley, but their ancestral lands were overrun by non-native settlers in the mid-19th century. Their reservation was established in 1911 by the US Federal Government but was terminated in 1966 under the California Rancheria Act. They quickly lost 50% of their land base. In 1979 the Pinoleville Band joined Tillie Hardwick v. the United States, a class action suit that was decided in favor of the tribes. The Pinoleville Pomo were able to regain federal recognition and restore their original reservation to trust status.
The tribe conducts business from Ukiah, California.
Pinoleville Pomo Nation operated a housing program, an environmental department, Head Start, vocational training, and an historic preservation office.
In order to improve diets and the local environment the Pinoleville Pomo Nation created a horticultural program, which focuses on tribal youth — educating them about plants, to improve self-esteem and provide skills. Pinole Nation Gardens include a greenhouse, orchards, two gardens, and native plant restoration areas and are located in Ukiah.