Published on July 22, 2012 by Amy

Love this article and want to save it to read again later? Add it to your favourites! To find all your favourite posts, check out My Favourites on the menu bar.

Chief Patkanim
Chief Patkanim

Patkanim (variously spelled Pat-ka-nam or Pat Kanim) was chief of the Snoqualmoo (Snoqualmie) and Snohomish tribe in what is now modern Washington State.

dna testing, dna ancestry testing, ancestry, genealogy, indian genealogy records, paternity testing, turquoise jewelry, native american jewelry

During the 1850s, he lived at the largest village of his people located at Yelhw, a fishing village at the confluence of the Tolt and Snoqualmie rivers (today, Fall City, Washington) in a complex containing sixteen longhouses.
He was the dominant power from Whidbey Island to Snoqualmie Pass, between what is today British Columbia and King County, Washington According to historian Bill Speidel, his was the major Indian power on Puget Sound, in no small part due to control of Snoqualmie Pass and therefore the profitable trade between the tribes on either side.
In 1848, Patkanim arranged a meeting on Whidbey Island of 8,000 Puget Sound Indians to discuss the rising threat of white settlers. A year later, he arranged a raid on the Hudson’s Bay Company trading post at Fort Nisqually, in which two white men were killed. Thereafter, he found it more profitable to co-operate with the settlers, reportedly turning over his own brothers to be hanged for the raid in exchange for $500.

In 1854, Patkanim assisted U.S. Army Captain George McClellan (later a Civil War major general) in exploring Snoqualmie Pass as part of the Pacific Railroad Surveys. On January 22, 1855, he signed the Treaty of Point Elliott, trading away several modern counties in exchange for a reservation near Tulalip, Washington.

Patkanim maintained excellent relations with the founders of Seattle, such as Doc Maynard and Arthur Denny. With the approach of the Puget Sound War, they persuaded him to ally himself, for a fee, with the forces of the United States. He assisted in constructing forts and encamped at Fort Tilton with 100 of his troops to block Snoqualmie Pass.
After the Battle of Seattle in 1856, Governor Isaac Stevens put a bounty on the head of raiders, $20 for ordinary Indians and $80 for a “chief”. Patkanim obligingly provided a great many heads, until the Territorial Auditor put a stop to the practice. According to Speidel, there was a suspicious number of “chiefs” among the heads and many of them were probably nothing more than Patkanim’s slaves from raids on other tribes.


  • Chief Kanim public middle school in Fall City Washington is named after him.
  • Reportedly, Patkanim had three daughters, Julia, Susie and Elizabeth (Lizzie).
  • A marker was raised to his memory, near Tulalip, but appears not to include a date of birth or death.
  • The descendants of Patkanim and the tribe he led are divided today between the Snoqualmie and the smaller Snoqaulmoo bands.
  • Source: wikipedia Unabridged
    Based on the collective work of, © 2015 Native American Encyclopedia.
    Cite This Source | Link To Patkanim
    Add these citations to your bibliography. Select the text below and then copy and paste it into your document.

    American Psychological Association (APA):

    Patkanim Unabridged. Retrieved May 22, 2015, from website:

    Chicago Manual Style (CMS):

    Patkanim Unabridged. Native American Encyclopedia (accessed: May 22, 2015).

    Modern Language Association (MLA):

    "Patkanim" Unabridged. Native American Encyclopedia 22 May. 2015. <>.

    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE):, "Patkanim" in Unabridged. Source location: Native American Encyclopedia Available: Accessed: May 22, 2015.

    BibTeX Bibliography Style (BibTeX)

    @ article {NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com2015,
        title = { Unabridged},
        month = May,
        day = 22,
        year = 2015,
        url = {},
    You might also like:

    Tags:  , , , ,

    Facebook Comments

    You must be logged in to post a comment.