Northeast Woodland Group

Published on July 6, 2013 by Casey

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Northeast Woodland Group
Northeast Woodland Group

Northeast Woodland Group – Culture

The climate and natural resources that were available resulted in the adoption of the culture shared by the Northeast Woodland Group. This section on the Northeast Woodland Group group provides facts and information about their languages, the Geography and Environment which featured inland rivers, streams and lakes.

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The animals and the Plants and Trees including Poplars, birches, elms, maples, oaks, pines, fir trees and spruces and fir trees. provided their food, clothing, shelter and decorations. Their Houses, Shelters and Homes depended on the materials available to them and included fortified villages.

There are also facts and info about the Religion, Ceremonies and Beliefs of the Northeast Woodland Group group whose tribes included the Algonquian speaking Fox, Shawnee, Wampanoag, Delaware, Pequot and Menominee tribes.

Northeast Woodland Group – Lifestyle (Way of Living)

Learn about the life of the people of the Northeast Woodland Group. Discover facts and information about the natural resources available, the languages, culture, clothing, their religion, beliefs and ceremonies. Illustrated with Pictures and images of the Northeast Woodland Group culture. The climate, land and natural resources that were available to the Indian tribes resulted in the adoption of the Northeast Woodland Group culture.

Name of Group: Northeast / Eastern Woodlands Indians

Culture: Hunter-gatherers, farmers, fishers, trappers

Languages: Algonquian

Geography of the State of Eastern Woodlands Indians: Lush woodlands, rivers, ocean

Animals: Squirrels, white-tailed deer, raccoon, bear, squirrel, beaver, moose, and caribou

Fish and Sea Mammals: Whales, Seal, Fish and shell fish

Crops: Corn (maize), pumpkin, squash, beans and tobacco

Trees: Poplars, birches, elms, maples, oaks, pines, fir trees and spruces and fir trees.

Transport: Birchbark canoes

Clothing: Little clothing in the summer, animal skins (Buckskin) in winter

Types of housing, homes or shelters: Chickees, Wigwams aka Birchbark houses and Longhouses

Famous Tribes of Eastern Woodlands: Miami, Lenape, Iroquois, Massachusett, Powhatan, Abenaki, Shawnee and Pequot, Fox, Sauk, Wampanoag, Delaware, Huron (Wyandot), Mohawk, Mohican and Menominee

The Native Indians who lived on the borders of lands often reflected two different types of lifestyles

Northeast Woodland Group – Houses, Shelters and Homes

The different types of Houses, Shelters and Homes depended on the materials available and whether the home was permanent or temporary. The homes of the Eastern Woodlands Indians included Wigwams aka Birchbark houses and Longhouses. Inter-tribal warfare was harsh and frequent so that people of some tribes lived in villages which were fortified by fencing and reinforced with dirt. They tended to live near water.

Northeast Woodland Group – Languages

The languages of the Northeast Woodland Group included the Algonquian and Iroquoian languages

Northeast Woodland Group – Religion, Ceremonies and Beliefs

The Religion, Ceremonies and Beliefs were based on Animism. Animism was a commonly shared doctrine, or belief, of the indigenous people of North America and Canada including the Woodland Indian tribes. Animism is based on the spiritual or religious idea that the universe and all natural objects have souls or spirits. In this religion it is believed that souls or spirits exist not only in humans but also in animals, plants, trees, rocks etc. This belief is also extended to natural phenomena such as thunder storms and rain and geographic features such as mountains, caves or rivers also possess souls or spirits. Face paint or War paint was applied by the Woodland tribes to intimidate their enemies but also to give them protection against evil spirits. There were various ceremonies and festivals relating to the corn crops including the the Green Corn festival. These ceremonies and festivals included feasting and music using rattles and drums. Heroic figures or “transformers” who transform, or change, the world into its present state feature in the legends and myths of the Woodland peoples.

Northeast Woodland Group – The Dreamcatcher

This group was believed to have created the Dreamcatcher, which was a protective charm or device. The Dreamcatcher was believed to protect a person from the bad spirits that appeared in dreams. The dreamcatcher was constructed in a spider web design. A wooden hoop was attached to a woven web or loose net, like a spider’s web. The dreamcatcher is then decorated with personal and sacred items such as feathers and beads. It was said that “Nightmares pass through the holes and out of the window. The good dreams are trapped in the web, and then slide down the feathers to the sleeping person.”

Northeast Woodland Group – Wampum

Wampum was extremely important to this culture group. Wampum are the traditional, sacred shell beads of Eastern Woodlands tribes used for currency, recording special events and marking exchanges for engagement, marriage, and betrothal agreements.

Northeast Woodland Group – The Cry Ceremony

There were several ceremonies which were important to the Northeast Woodland Group. Notably the Cry Ceremony. When someone in a Woodland tribe died, the tribe would hold a cry ceremony. To prepare for the ceremony five knots were tied in a piece of milkweed. Milkweed was abundant in the longleaf pine forests and were plants with milky sap and light wind-blown seeds. The chief of the tribe performed dances and sang around a fire. The ceremony lasted five days and on each day one of the knots would be untied.

Northeast Woodland Group – Physical Characteristics

The physical characteristics of Eastern Northeast Woodland Group are dark brown eyes, prominent cheek bones, straight black hair, and scantiness of beard. The skin color of Native Indians varies from very light in some tribes such as the Cheyenne, to almost black in others, such as the Caddo and a yellowish color in such as the Flatheads.

Northeast Woodland Group – Geography and Environment

The Geography and Environment can be generally described as a region of moderate climate with high levels of rainfall. Lakes, including the Great Lakes, rivers and forests.

The Northeast Woodlands – pine trees and Fir trees

The Great Lakes and Woodlands – birch and beech tree forests and woods

The Prairie and Woodlands

The Southeast Woodlands – semi-tropical cypress swamps and pines

Northeast Woodland Group – Animals

The animals were very important to the Northeast Woodland Group. Squirrels, white-tailed deer, bear, moose, beavers, and raccoons. Fish and Sea Mammals included Whales, Seal, Fish and shell fish of the coast including clams, oysters, lobsters, mussels. The uses of the animals were varied and included food, clothing, shelter and decorations. Dogs were the only domesticated animals.

Northeast Woodland Group – Clothing

The clothing of the Northeast Woodland Group were generally made of buckskin, deer skin without hair or fur. The men wore loincloths, leggings, shirts and moccasins. The women wore grass dresses or skirts and moccasins. The picture at the top of the page shows a Fox Warrior which illustrate the typical clothing worn by a Woodland man.

Northeast Woodland Group – Plants, Trees and Crops

The crops included beans, corn, pumpkins, squash and tobacco. The trees included poplars, birches, elms, maples, oaks, pines, fir trees and spruces and fir trees.

Source: warpaths2peacepipes Unabridged
Based on the collective work of, © 2015 Native American Encyclopedia.
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