Navajo Wars – Mexican period

Published on February 27, 2013 by Carol

Love this article and want to save it to read again later? Add it to your favourites! To find all your favourite posts, check out My Favourites on the menu bar.

Chuska Mountains

Melgares’s successor, Governor José Antonio Vizcarra met Navajo leaders at Paguate on 12 February 1823. His terms essentially stated that the Spanish would settle the Navajos in pueblos and energetically convert them to the Catholic religion. The Navajos were not interested in either of these proposals. They rejected the treaty and renewed the fight. Six New Mexicans were killed at Socorro in April and eight more at Sabinal in May. On 18 June 1823, Vizcarra led 1,500 troops in a 74-day expedition against the Navajos of western New Mexico. His route took him through the Chuska Mountains to the Hopi mesas in what is now Arizona, then north towards Utah, reaching Oljeto Creek in what is now San Juan County, Utah. Thirty three Navajos were killed, of whom eight were women, and about 30 were captured. The expedition reached Canyon de Chelly in what is now eastern Arizona.

dna testing, dna ancestry testing, ancestry, genealogy, indian genealogy records, paternity testing, turquoise jewelry, native american jewelry

In retaliation for Vizcarra’s expedition, the Navajos raied Socorro again, and attacked Tome, Albuquerque and reached the outskirts of Santa Fe. The 1823 raid marked the start of a long period of raids and counter raids lasting until 1848 as New Mexicans took Navajos captive to work as slaves, and as Navajos raided to recover their people and to obtain livestock


  • June 1822: Massacre of Navajo tribal leaders at Jemez Pueblo followed by extensive Navajo raids.
  • June 1823: José Antonio Vizcarra begins extensive punitive expedition
  • Source: Legendsofamerica Unabridged
    Based on the collective work of, © 2015 Native American Encyclopedia.
    Cite This Source | Link To Navajo Wars – Mexican period
    Add these citations to your bibliography. Select the text below and then copy and paste it into your document.

    American Psychological Association (APA):

    Navajo Wars – Mexican period Unabridged. Retrieved June 02, 2015, from website:

    Chicago Manual Style (CMS):

    Navajo Wars – Mexican period Unabridged. Native American Encyclopedia (accessed: June 02, 2015).

    Modern Language Association (MLA):

    "Navajo Wars – Mexican period" Unabridged. Native American Encyclopedia 02 Jun. 2015. <>.

    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE):, "Navajo Wars – Mexican period" in Unabridged. Source location: Native American Encyclopedia Available: Accessed: June 02, 2015.

    BibTeX Bibliography Style (BibTeX)

    @ article {NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com2015,
        title = { Unabridged},
        month = Jun,
        day = 02,
        year = 2015,
        url = {},
    You might also like:

    Tags:  , , , , , , , , , ,

    Facebook Comments

    You must be logged in to post a comment.