Native American Tribes in the State of Virginia

Published on September 9, 2010 by Aquarius

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Flag of Virginia
Flag of Virginia

The portion of the New World designated Virginia had been inhabited for thousands of years by varying cultures of indigenous peoples. Archaeological and historical research by anthropologist Helen Rountree and others established 3,000 years of settlement in much of the Tidewater. Recent archaeological work at Pocahontas Island has revealed prehistoric habitation dating to about 6500 B.C.E.

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At the end of the 16th century, Native Americans living in what is now Virginia were part of three major groups, based chiefly on language families. The largest group, known as the Algonquian, numbered over 10,000 and occupied most of the coastal area up to the fall line. Groups to the interior were the Iroquoian (numbering 2,500) and the Siouan. Tribes included the Algonquian Chesepian, Chickahominy, Doeg, Mattaponi, Nansemond, Pamunkey, Pohick, Powhatan, and Rappahannock; the Iroquoian Cherokee, Meherrin, Nottoway, and Tuscarora; and the Siouan Monacan and Saponi.

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Based on the collective work of, © 2015 Native American Encyclopedia.
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