Native American Tribes In The State Of New Mexico

Published on September 7, 2010 by John

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Flag of New Mexico
Flag of New Mexico

The first known inhabitants of New Mexico were members of the Clovis culture of Paleo-Indians.[14]:19 Later inhabitants include Native Americans of the Mogollon and the Anasazi cultures.[15]:52 By the time of European contact in the 1500s, the region was settled by the villages of the Pueblo peoples and groups of Navajo, Apache and Ute.[14]:6,48
Francisco Vázquez de Coronado assembled an enormous expedition at Compostela in 1540–1542 to explore and find the mystical Seven Golden Cities of Cibola as described by Fray Marcos de Niza.[15]:19–24 The name Nuevo México was first used by a seeker of gold mines named Francisco de Ibarra who explored far to the north of Mexico in 1563 and reported his findings as being in “a New Mexico”.[16] Juan de Oñate officially established the name when he was appointed the first governor of the new Province of New Mexico in 1598.[15]:36–37 In 1598 he founded the San Juan de los Caballeros colony, the first permanent European settlement in the future state of New Mexico,[17] on the Rio Grande near Ohkay Owingeh Pueblo.[15]:37 Oñate extended El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro, “Royal Road of the Interior,” by 700 miles (1,100 km) from Santa Bárbara, Chihuahua to his remote colony.

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@ article {NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com2014,
    title = {NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged},
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    year = 2014,
    url = {http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com/native-american-tribes-in-the-state-of-new-mexico/},
}
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