Native American Indian Rock Spirits: Nukumi

Published on November 28, 2012 by Casey

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Native American Indian Rock Spirits: Nukumi

Name: Nukumi

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Tribal affiliation: Mi’kmaq

Alternate spellings: Nogami, Nogumee, Nokumi, Noogumee, Nukumij, Noogume, Nogumich, Noogumich

Pronunciation: noo-goo-mee

Also known as: Kisikuskw/Kesegoocskw (“Old Lady”)

Type: Wise woman, grandmother

Related figures in other tribes: Grandmother Woodchuck (Abenaki), Nokomis (Anishinabe)

Nukumi is the wise old grandmother of the Mi’kmaq culture hero Glooskap. Her name just means “grandmother” in Mi’kmaq. In some legends she is said to have raised the hero after his mother’s death in childbirth, but in most traditions, she was created from a rock by Nishkam and adopted Glooskap as her grandson to give him guidance.

Source: native-languages Unabridged
Based on the collective work of, © 2015 Native American Encyclopedia.
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American Psychological Association (APA):

Native American Indian Rock Spirits: Nukumi Unabridged. Retrieved April 18, 2015, from website:

Chicago Manual Style (CMS):

Native American Indian Rock Spirits: Nukumi Unabridged. Native American Encyclopedia (accessed: April 18, 2015).

Modern Language Association (MLA):

"Native American Indian Rock Spirits: Nukumi" Unabridged. Native American Encyclopedia 18 Apr. 2015. <>.

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE):, "Native American Indian Rock Spirits: Nukumi" in Unabridged. Source location: Native American Encyclopedia Available: Accessed: April 18, 2015.

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    title = { Unabridged},
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