Native American Groups

Published on July 5, 2013 by Casey

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Native American Groups
Native American Groups

Native American Groups

Discover interesting facts and information about each of these Native American Groups and the tribes that belonged to them. The Native American culture groups are categorised as follows:

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    • The Artic Native American Groups
    • The Sub-Artic Native American groups
    • The Northwest Coast Native American Groups
    • Northeast – Eastern Woodlands Indians
    • The Plateau Native American Groups
    • The Great Plains Native American Groups
    • The Great Basin Native American Groups
    • The Southeast Native American Groups
    • The Southwest Native American Groups
    • The California Native American Groups
  • The locations of all of these Native American cultural groups are shown on the Map.

    Native American Groups – Great Plains Group

    The Great Plains culture group covered the prairies of central North America which was home to many tribes including the Crow, Cheyenne, Blackfoot and Comanche. For additional facts and information about this cultural group see: Great Plains Indians

    Native American Groups: Great Plains Native American Indians Group

    Languages: Siouan, Algonquian, Caddoan, Uto-Aztecan and Athabaskan

    Geography: There was enough rain for a thick layer of grass, which attracted large herds of grazing animals like the bison (buffalo). There was not enough rain to grow many trees which were only found by rivers

    Animals: Bison (Buffalo), deer, elk, bear, beaver, antelope and wolves

    Culture: Nomadic Hunters and farmers

    Transport: Horse, travois, parfleche

    Housing: Tepees were used by the nomadic hunters.

    Tribes of Great Plains Indians: Blackfoot, Cheyenne, Crow, Comanche and Arapaho

    Native American Groups

    Native American Groups – Northeast Group

    The Northeast culture group covered the Atlantic coast from Canada to North Carolina and the tribes of the Erie, Onondaga, Seneca, Tuscarora, Cayuga, Oneida, Menominee, Pequot, Delaware, Fox, Shawnee and Wampanoag. For additional facts and information about this cultural group see: Northeast Woodland Indians

    Native American Groups: Northeast / Eastern Woodlands Native American Indians

    Culture: Hunter-gatherers, farmers, trappers

    Languages: Algonquian

    Animals: Squirrels, deer, fish and shell fish

    Crops: Corn (maize), pumpkin, squash, beans and tobacco

    Transport: Canoes

    Types of housing: Chickees, Wigwams and Longhouses

    Famous Tribes of Eastern Woodlands : Shawnee, Fox, Sauk, Wampanoag, Delaware, Pequot and Menominee

    Native American Groups

    Native American Groups – Northwest Group

    The Southwest culture group covered dense forest and mountains and the tribes of Haida, Chinook, Eyak, Coast Salish, Tlingit, Tillamook and Chimakum people. For additional facts and information about this cultural group see: Northwest Coast Native Americans

    Native American Groups: Northwest Coast Native American Indians

    Languages: Siouan, Algonquian, Caddoan, Uto-Aztecan and Athabaskan

    Geography: Heavy rainfall, tall dense forests, oceans, mountains and rivers.

    Animals: Mountain goats and sheep, deer, moose, bear and elk. Fish and Sea animals including seals, whales, salmon and shell fish

    Natural Resources: Red cedar trees, forests, mountains

    Culture: Fishers

    Types of housing: Plankhouses

    Famous Tribes of Northwest Coast Native Americans: Haida, Chinook, Eyak, Coast Salish, Tlingit, Tillamook and Chimakum

    Native American Groups

    Native American Groups – Southeast Group

    The Southeast culture group covered north of the Gulf of Mexico and the ‘five civilised tribes’ of the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek and Seminole people. For additional facts and information about this cultural group see: Southeast Native Americans

    Native American Groups – Southeast Native American Group

    The Five Civilised tribes

    Languages: Siouan, Algonquian, Caddoan, Uto-Aztecan and Athabaskan

    Geography: River Valleys

    Animals: Rabbits, wild hogs, turkeys, eagles, opossums, raccoons and deer

    Natural Resources: Corn, beans, dried fruit, pumpkins and nuts

    Culture and Lifestyle adopted: Nomadic Hunters, Fishers and farmers

    Clothing: Deerskin clothes, rabbit fur and porcupine quills

    Transport: Canoes

    Housing: Asi Wattle and Daub houses

    Tribes of Southeast Native Americans: Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek and Seminole

    Native American Groups

    Native American Groups – Southwest Group

    The Southwest culture group covered the massive desert region and the tribes of the Hopi, Zuni, Yuam, Apache and Navajo people. For additional facts and information about this cultural group see: Southwest Native Americans

    Native American Groups: Southwest Native American Indians

    Languages: Siouan, Algonquian, Caddoan, Uto-Aztecan and Athabaskan

    Geography: Dry, rocky land. Hot and arid. Little rain, crops required irrigation

    Animals: Desert animals such as reptiles and snakes

    Livestock: Sheep and Goats

    Natural Resources: Corn, beans, squash, sunflower seeds

    Culture and Lifestyle adopted: Farmers and some Nomadic hunters such as the Navajo

    Housing: Farmers lived in Adobe (pueblo) houses. Hunters lived in Hogans

    Tribes of Southwest Native Americans: Hopi, Pueblo, Zuni, Apache and Navajo

    Native American Groups

    Native American Groups – Great Basin Group

    The Great Basin culture group covered deserts, salt flats and brackish lakes and the tribes of Bannock, Paiute and Ute. For additional facts and information about this cultural group see: Great Basin Indians

    Native American Groups: Great Basin Native American Indians – the Desert culture

    Languages: Shoshonean and Uto-Aztecan (Numic)

    Geography of the State of Great Basin Indians: Deserts, salt flats and brackish lakes

    Animals: Sheep, squirrels, rabbits, deer, antelope, bison (buffalo)

    Natural Resources: Sagebrush, grasslands, seeds, roots

    Culture and Lifestyle adopted: Nomadic Hunter gatherers

    Art: Basket making

    Housing: Hogans

    Tribes of Great Basin Native American Indians: Bannock, Paiute and Ute

    Native American Groups

    Native American Groups – California Group

    The Californian culture group was home to tribes such as the Hokan, Maidu, Miwok, Pomo, Chumash and Serrano people. For additional facts and information about this cultural group see: California Native Americans

    Native American Groups: California Native American Indians

    Languages: Athapaskan, Penutian and Uto-Aztecan

    Environment: Mild temperate climate

    Animals and Fish: Salmon, rabbits, deer, elk

    Natural Resources: Buckeye, nuts and grasses

    Culture and Lifestyle adopted: Hunter fishers

    Art: Basketry

    Housing: wigwams and wickiups

    Tribes of California Native Americans: Hokan, Maidu, Miwok, Pomo, Chumash and Serrano

    Native American Groups

    Native American Groups – Plateau Group

    The Plateau culture group included the tribes of Klamath, Modoc, Nez Perce, Walla Walla and Yakama people. For additional facts and information about this cultural group see: Plateau Indians

    Native American Groups: Plateau Native American Indians

    Languages: Siouan, Algonquian, Caddoan, Uto-Aztecan and Athabaskan

    Geography of the State of Plateau Indians: Fast flowing rivers

    Animals: Bison, deer and elk

    Culture: Nomadic Hunter gatherers, Fishers

    Food: Vegetables, fruits, meat and fish

    Housing: Pit houses

    Tribes of Plateau Native American Indians: Klamath, Modoc, Nez Perce, Walla Walla and Yakama

    Native American Groups

    Native American Groups – Arctic Group

    The Arctic group culture group included Alaska, Canada and Greenland and the tribes of Aleut and Inuit people who both spoke the Eskimo Aleut language. For additional facts and information about this cultural group see: Arctic Indians

    Native American Groups: Native American Arctic Indians

    Languages: Eskimo-Aleut languages and Athabascan

    Geography of the State of Arctic Indians: Alaska, Canada and Greenland. Flat, cold and treeless, tundra

    Animals: Seal, caribou, otter, polar bears, whale, walrus and Artic birds

    Natural Resources: Fish, seasonal berries and plants

    Culture and Lifestyle adopted: Nomadic Hunters and fishermen

    Transport: Dogsleds canoes and open fishing boats

    Clothes: Clothing was made from caribou, snowshoes

    Housing: Igloos, Sod Houses, Barabara and tents

    Tribes of Arctic Indians: The Alaska Aleut and the Inuit (aka Eskimo)

    Native American Groups

    Native American Groups – Sub-Arctic Group

    The Sub-Arctic group culture covered inland Alaska and Canada and the tribes of Kuchin, Beaver, Cree, Objiway (Chippewa) and the Naskapi. For additional facts and information about this cultural group see: Sub-Arctic Indians

    Native American Groups: Native American Sub-Arctic Indians. Nomadic hunters and Fishers

    Languages: Algonquian and Athabaskan

    Geography and Environment: Tree-less tundra to evergreen and deciduous forests. Long, cold winters and short, warm summers

    Animals: Caribou, moose, elk, deer, wolves, bears, ermine, hyena and lynx

    Fish: Pike and Salmon

    Natural Resources: Trees, plants various berries

    Housing: Plank Houses

    Tribes of Sub-Arctic Indians: Ingalik, Kuchin, Beaver, Chippewa (Ojibwa), Cree and Naskapi

    Native American Groups

    Source: warpaths2peacepipes

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