X-Marks: Native Signatures of Assent (Indigenous Americas)

Published on August 29, 2013 by Carol

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X-Marks: Native Signatures of Assent
(Indigenous Americas)

Book title: X-Marks: Native Signatures of Assent (Indigenous Americas)

dna testing, dna ancestry testing, ancestry, genealogy, indian genealogy records, paternity testing, turquoise jewelry, native american jewelry

Author: Scott Richard Lyons

Book Description:
During the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, North American Indian leaders commonly signed treaties with the European powers and the American and Canadian governments with an X, signifying their presence and assent to the terms. These x-marks indicated coercion (because the treaties were made under unfair conditions), resistance (because they were often met with protest), and acquiescence (to both a European modernity and the end of a particular moment of Indian history and identity).

In X-Marks, Scott Richard Lyons explores the complexity of contemporary Indian identity and current debates among Indians about traditionalism, nationalism, and tribalism. Employing the x-mark as a metaphor for what he calls the “Indian assent to the new,” Lyons offers a valuable alternative to both imperialist concepts of assimilation and nativist notions of resistance, calling into question the binary oppositions produced during the age of imperialism and maintaining that indigeneity is something that people do, not what they are. Drawing on his personal experiences and family history on the Leech Lake Ojibwe Reservation in northern Minnesota, discourses embedded in Ojibwemowin (the Ojibwe language), and disagreements about Indian identity within Native American studies, Lyons contends that Indians should be able to choose nontraditional ways of living, thinking, and being without fear of being condemned as inauthentic.

Arguing for a greater recognition of the diversity of Native America, X-Marks analyzes ongoing controversies about Indian identity, addresses the issue of culture and its use and misuse by essentialists, and considers the implications of the idea of an Indian nation. At once intellectually rigorous and deeply personal, X-Marks holds that indigenous peoples can operate in modern times while simultaneously honoring and defending their communities, practices, and values.

Source: Amazon

NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged
Based on the collective work of NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com, © 2014 Native American Encyclopedia.
Cite This Source | Link To X-Marks: Native Signatures of Assent (Indigenous Americas)
Add these citations to your bibliography. Select the text below and then copy and paste it into your document.

American Psychological Association (APA):

X-Marks: Native Signatures of Assent (Indigenous Americas) NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged. Retrieved November 01, 2014, from NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com website: http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com/marks-native-signatures-assent-indigenous-americas/

Chicago Manual Style (CMS):

X-Marks: Native Signatures of Assent (Indigenous Americas) NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com. NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged. Native American Encyclopedia http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com/marks-native-signatures-assent-indigenous-americas/ (accessed: November 01, 2014).

Modern Language Association (MLA):

"X-Marks: Native Signatures of Assent (Indigenous Americas)" NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged. Native American Encyclopedia 01 Nov. 2014. <NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com/marks-native-signatures-assent-indigenous-americas/>.

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE):

NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com, "X-Marks: Native Signatures of Assent (Indigenous Americas)" in NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged. Source location: Native American Encyclopedia http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com/marks-native-signatures-assent-indigenous-americas/. Available: http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com. Accessed: November 01, 2014.

BibTeX Bibliography Style (BibTeX)

@ article {NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com2014,
    title = {NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged},
    month = Nov,
    day = 01,
    year = 2014,
    url = {http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com/marks-native-signatures-assent-indigenous-americas/},
}
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X-Marks: Native Signatures of Assent (Indigenous Americas)

Published on July 30, 2013 by Carol

Love this article and want to save it to read again later? Add it to your favourites! To find all your favourite posts, check out My Favourites on the menu bar.


X-Marks: Native Signatures of Assent
(Indigenous Americas)

Book title: X-Marks: Native Signatures of Assent (Indigenous Americas)

dna testing, dna ancestry testing, ancestry, genealogy, indian genealogy records, paternity testing, turquoise jewelry, native american jewelry

Author: Scott Richard Lyons

Book Description:
During the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, North American Indian leaders commonly signed treaties with the European powers and the American and Canadian governments with an X, signifying their presence and assent to the terms. These x-marks indicated coercion (because the treaties were made under unfair conditions), resistance (because they were often met with protest), and acquiescence (to both a European modernity and the end of a particular moment of Indian history and identity).

In X-Marks, Scott Richard Lyons explores the complexity of contemporary Indian identity and current debates among Indians about traditionalism, nationalism, and tribalism. Employing the x-mark as a metaphor for what he calls the “Indian assent to the new,” Lyons offers a valuable alternative to both imperialist concepts of assimilation and nativist notions of resistance, calling into question the binary oppositions produced during the age of imperialism and maintaining that indigeneity is something that people do, not what they are. Drawing on his personal experiences and family history on the Leech Lake Ojibwe Reservation in northern Minnesota, discourses embedded in Ojibwemowin (the Ojibwe language), and disagreements about Indian identity within Native American studies, Lyons contends that Indians should be able to choose nontraditional ways of living, thinking, and being without fear of being condemned as inauthentic.

Arguing for a greater recognition of the diversity of Native America, X-Marks analyzes ongoing controversies about Indian identity, addresses the issue of culture and its use and misuse by essentialists, and considers the implications of the idea of an Indian nation. At once intellectually rigorous and deeply personal, X-Marks holds that indigenous peoples can operate in modern times while simultaneously honoring and defending their communities, practices, and values.

Source: Amazon

NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged
Based on the collective work of NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com, © 2014 Native American Encyclopedia.
Cite This Source | Link To X-Marks: Native Signatures of Assent (Indigenous Americas)
Add these citations to your bibliography. Select the text below and then copy and paste it into your document.

American Psychological Association (APA):

X-Marks: Native Signatures of Assent (Indigenous Americas) NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged. Retrieved November 01, 2014, from NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com website: http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com/marks-native-signatures-assent-indigenous-americas/

Chicago Manual Style (CMS):

X-Marks: Native Signatures of Assent (Indigenous Americas) NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com. NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged. Native American Encyclopedia http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com/marks-native-signatures-assent-indigenous-americas/ (accessed: November 01, 2014).

Modern Language Association (MLA):

"X-Marks: Native Signatures of Assent (Indigenous Americas)" NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged. Native American Encyclopedia 01 Nov. 2014. <NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com/marks-native-signatures-assent-indigenous-americas/>.

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE):

NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com, "X-Marks: Native Signatures of Assent (Indigenous Americas)" in NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged. Source location: Native American Encyclopedia http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com/marks-native-signatures-assent-indigenous-americas/. Available: http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com. Accessed: November 01, 2014.

BibTeX Bibliography Style (BibTeX)

@ article {NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com2014,
    title = {NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged},
    month = Nov,
    day = 01,
    year = 2014,
    url = {http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com/marks-native-signatures-assent-indigenous-americas/},
}
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