Legendary Native American Figures: Man-Eater

Published on January 27, 2013 by Carol

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Creek Indians

Name: Man-Eater
Tribal affiliation: Alabama, Creek, Coushatta, Natchez
Native names: Atipa-Tcoba, Isti-Papa
Also known as: Big Man-Eater, Elephant, Cannibal Monster
Type: Monster, stiff-legged bear
Related figures in other tribes: Naked Bear, Katcheetohuskw, Ya’kwahe, Hairless Bear

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Man-Eater was a mythological monster of the Southeastern tribes, a huge carnivorous creature that preyed on humans. Its appearance varied greatly from tribe to tribe– in some tribes Man-Eater was described as being bearlike, similar to Naked Bear monsters of the northern tribes. In others, such as the Creek and Seminole tribes, Man-Eater was described as a feline monster similar to a giant mountain lion. In the Alabama and Koasati tribes, many modern people associate Big Man-Eater with elephants. Some folklorists believe this creature may have been inspired by mammoths or mastodon fossils. You can visit our stiff-legged bear site to read some opinions about that.

In any case, although the monster’s name is translated as “Cannibal” or “Big Cannibal” in some texts, that is a slight error in translation. The name literally means simply “man-eater.” This creature is not human or humanoid in any story that we know of, but is always a giant four-legged animal.

Source: Native-languages

NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged
Based on the collective work of NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com, © 2014 Native American Encyclopedia.
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American Psychological Association (APA):

Legendary Native American Figures: Man-Eater NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged. Retrieved September 02, 2014, from NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com website: http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com/legendary-native-american-figures-man-eater/

Chicago Manual Style (CMS):

Legendary Native American Figures: Man-Eater NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com. NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged. Native American Encyclopedia http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com/legendary-native-american-figures-man-eater/ (accessed: September 02, 2014).

Modern Language Association (MLA):

"Legendary Native American Figures: Man-Eater" NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged. Native American Encyclopedia 02 Sep. 2014. <NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com/legendary-native-american-figures-man-eater/>.

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE):

NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com, "Legendary Native American Figures: Man-Eater" in NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged. Source location: Native American Encyclopedia http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com/legendary-native-american-figures-man-eater/. Available: http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com. Accessed: September 02, 2014.

BibTeX Bibliography Style (BibTeX)

@ article {NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com2014,
    title = {NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged},
    month = Sep,
    day = 02,
    year = 2014,
    url = {http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com/legendary-native-american-figures-man-eater/},
}
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