King William’s War Summary and Definition (1688-1699)

Published on September 4, 2014 by Carol

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Iroquois Warriors – King William’s War

King William’s War Summary and Definition (1688-1699)

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King William’s War Summary and Definition: The King William’s War (1688-1699) was the first of the French and Indian Wars between France and the Wabanaki Confederacy against England and the Iroquois Confederacy. The war is named after the new Protestant English King William III who opposes France. King William’s War was the North American extension of the War of the Grand Alliance in Europe. The English, led by Sir William Phips, captured Port Royal, Acadia (later Nova Scotia), but failed to take Quebec. The French and the Indians under the Count de Frontenac carried out successful attacks on Salmon Falls (in present New Hampshire), and Casco Bay (in present Maine) but failed against their main target, Boston. The Treaty of Ryswick which was ratified on January 7, 1699 ends King William’s War, but the result was indecisive. The peace does not hold for long, hence the succession of conflicts known as the French and Indian Wars. The next war to erupt is the Queen Anne’s War (1702-1713).

Fast Facts about the King William’s War

Who fought in the King William’s War? When did the conflict start and when did the conflict end? What were the causes of the King William’s War? What was the significance of the King William’s War? What were the results and effects of the King William’s War? Interesting history and facts about the King William’s War:

  • Name of Conflict: King William’s War
  • Alternative Names for King William’s War: French and Indian Wars, the Nine Years War
  • Location of King William’s War: Northern English colonies of present day Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, and New Jersey
  • Year King William’s War started: 1688
  • Year King William’s War ended: 1699
  • Combatants in King William’s War: The French and their Indian allies. The Wabanaki Confederacy was between five Algonquian speaking people consisting of the Abenaki, Mícmac, Penobscot, Passamaquoddy and Maliseet tribes. Other tribes were also involved including the Lenape, Ojibwa, Ottawa, Shawnee and Wyandot
  • Combatants in King William’s War: The British and their Indian allies. The Iroquois Confederacy was between an alliance of tribes headed by the Onondaga, Cayuga, Mohawk, Seneca and the Oneida tribe. The Cherokee and Catawba tribes also fought for the English
  • Result of King William’s War: The Treaty of Ryswick ended King William’s War, but the result was indecisive hence the succession of conflicts known as the French and Indian Wars
  • Famous Leaders in King William’s War: Sir William Phips for Great Britain and the Count de Frontenac, who was the governor of New France
  • Source: warpaths2peacepipes

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