John Wilson’s Caddo

Published on October 24, 2012 by Amy

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John Wilson
John Wilson

John Wilson (ca. 1840-1901) was a Caddo-Delaware-French medicine man and religious leader. John Wilson’s Caddo name was Nishkû’ntu, meaning “Moon Head.”

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Though he was of half-Delaware descent, quarter-blood French, and quarter-blood Caddo, John Wilson spoke only the Caddo language and identified only as a Caddo. He is believed to have been born in 1840, when his band of Caddo were still living in Texas. They were driven into Indian Territory in 1859.

Wilson was a medicine man, who in 1880, became a peyote roadman. He became one of the most active leaders in the Ghost Dance in Indian Territory.

During a two-week period, Wilson consumed large numbers of peyote buttons to gain new insights into conducting peyote ceremonies – “learning from the peyote” and, as his nephew George Anderson put it, “peyote took pity on him.”[4] The tribe had been exposed to the Half Moon peyote ceremony, but Wilson introduced the Big Moon ceremony to the tribe.[5] The Caddo tribe remains very active in the Native American Church today.

Wilson died in 1901.

Source: wikipedia Unabridged
Based on the collective work of, © 2015 Native American Encyclopedia.
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