Jesse Cornplanter ~ Seneca

Published on December 2, 2010 by John

Love this article and want to save it to read again later? Add it to your favourites! To find all your favourite posts, check out My Favourites on the menu bar.

Jesse Cornplanter

Jesse J. Cornplanter (September 16, 1889–1957) was a Seneca artist and author. His Seneca name was Hayonhwonhish. As an author he wrote Legends of the Longhouse, which records many Iroquois traditional stories.

dna testing, dna ancestry testing, ancestry, genealogy, indian genealogy records, paternity testing, turquoise jewelry, native american jewelry


Jesse Cornplanter was born in 1889 on the Cattaraugus Reservation in New York, and was the last direct descendent of Cornplanter, the Seneca war chief during the American Revolutionary War.

During World War I, Cornplanter enlisted in the US Army in 1917 and served in Europe. He was wounded during the war and received the Purple Heart.

Within his tribe, Cornplanter held many respected positions, including the ceremonial chief of the Long House and the chief of New Town, a traditional village. He sang for the Great Feather Dancer and was head singers for many ceremonies.


In 1901 the Seneca Director of the Rochester Museum, Arthur C. Parker commissioned Cornplanter to sketch scenes of contemporary Seneca life. This launched an eight-year collaboration between the two men.Forty-five of these drawings are in collection SC12845 at the New York State Library.

Though only in his teens, Cornplanter was gaining recognized for his skillful portrayals of his tribe. He never received formal art training, but that did not hinder his success. Frederick Starr commissioned Cornplanter to illustrate Iroquois Indian Games and Dances, a book depicting Iroquois life. In addition, Jesse Cornplanter illustrated The Code of Handsome Lake, a book authored by his father, Edward Cornplanter (Seneca name Sosondowah), and Arthur C. Parker. Cornplanter authored and illustrated his own book, Legends of the Longhouse published in 1938.

His paintings are considered to be in the Iroquois Realist Style, following in a painting tradition dating back to the 1820s work by Tuscarora brothers, David and Dennis Cusick.

Although best known for his illustrations, Cornplanter was also a traditional wood carver and greatly influenced successive generations of Haudenosaunee artists.



Cornplanter, Jesse J. (Of The Senecas), Told To Sah-Nee-Weh, Legends of the Longhouse, J. B. Lippincott, Philadelphia, 1938

Source: Wikipedia Unabridged
Based on the collective work of, © 2015 Native American Encyclopedia.
Cite This Source | Link To Jesse Cornplanter ~ Seneca
Add these citations to your bibliography. Select the text below and then copy and paste it into your document.

American Psychological Association (APA):

Jesse Cornplanter ~ Seneca Unabridged. Retrieved May 25, 2015, from website:

Chicago Manual Style (CMS):

Jesse Cornplanter ~ Seneca Unabridged. Native American Encyclopedia (accessed: May 25, 2015).

Modern Language Association (MLA):

"Jesse Cornplanter ~ Seneca" Unabridged. Native American Encyclopedia 25 May. 2015. <>.

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE):, "Jesse Cornplanter ~ Seneca" in Unabridged. Source location: Native American Encyclopedia Available: Accessed: May 25, 2015.

BibTeX Bibliography Style (BibTeX)

@ article {NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com2015,
    title = { Unabridged},
    month = May,
    day = 25,
    year = 2015,
    url = {},
You might also like:

Tags:  , , , , , , , ,

Facebook Comments

You must be logged in to post a comment.