Published on March 4, 2013 by Carol
Like other tribes, the Hualapai were disturbed by increased settler traffic upon their lands and when one of their leaders, by the name of Anasa, was murdered by a drunken settler in April, 1865, tensions erupted into war. In retaliation for the murder, the Hualapai cut off the Fort Mojave-Prescott Toll Road to the Colorado River ports and raided anyone trying to get through. However, Captain W.H. Hardy soon negotiated a peace agreement at Beale Springs and the raids and the fighting stopped. But, it didn’t last. Nine months later, another leader, Chief Wauba Yuma was murdered over a treaty dispute and the raids began again in full force. In response, the Fort Mojave Cavalry was sent out which resulted in the cavalry burning villages and a number of battles. The war lasted until December, 1868, as the Hualapai began to surrender as whooping cough and dysentery was weakening their ranks. Though the vast majority surrendered, one warrior by the name of Sherum continued the battle for another two years. The violence finally ceased in 1870. During these years, it is estimated that one-third of the Hualapai people were killed either by the conflict or disease.
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