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Queen Anne’s War
1688 – 1763 The French and Indian Wars begin between France and Great Britain for lands in North America. The Iroquois Indians were allied to the British and the Algonquian speaking tribes were allied to the French. The French and Indian Wars was an intermittent series of wars and conflicts consisting of the:
King William’s War (1688-1699)
Queen Anne’s War (1702-1713)
King George’s War (1744 – 1748)
French Indian War (1754 – 1763)
1702 Queen Anne ascends to the English throne
1702 Queen Anne’s War (1702-1713) part of the French and Indian Wars between the French and Spanish colonies allied with the Wabanaki Confederacy, Mohawk, Choctaw, Timucua, Apalachee and Natchez tribes against the British colonies allied with the Muscogee (Creek), Chickasaw and Yamasee tribes.
1702 The English capture and burn St. Augustine, Florida. Though the city remains under Spanish possession for another century, the mission system in Florida is destroyed
1704 The Apalachee massacre occured in western Florida. James Moore, the ex-governor of South Carolina, led 50 Englishmen and 1,000 Creek Indian allies against the Spanish and their Apalachee Native American allies during Queen Anne’s War
1707 June 1707: The Union between England and Scotland created the ‘United Kingdom of Great Britain’ and the term British, as opposed to English, is then used in reference to the colonists in North America.
1713 The Treaty of Utrecht ends Queen Anne’s War. Under the treaty, Britain gains Newfoundland and the Hudson Bay region of Canada, as well as the Caribbean island of St. Kitts.
1744 Peace prevails until the onset of King George’s War (the third in the series of the French and Indian Wars) in 1744.