Published on June 19, 2013 by Casey
The history and the way of life of Minnesota Indians was profoundly affected by newcomers to the area. The indigenous people had occupied the land thousands of years before the first European explorers arrived. The Europeans brought with them new ideas, customs, religions, weapons, transport (the horse and the wheel), livestock (cattle and sheep) and disease which profoundly affected the history of the Native Indians. For a comprehensive History timeline regarding the early settlers and colonists refer to the Colonial America Time Period. The history of the State and of its Native American Indians is detailed in a simple History Timeline. This Minnesota Indian History Timeline provides a list detailing dates of conflicts, wars and battles involving Minnesota Indians and their history. We have also detailed major events in US history which impacted the history of the Minnesota Indians. Throughout the 1800′s battles and conflicts erupt between white settlers and American Native Indians including the Arapaho, Cheyenne, Chippewa, Dakota Sioux, Fox, Iowa, Omaha, Oto, Ottawa, Ponca, Sauk, Winnebago and Wyandot tribes. The American Native Indians were gradually forced to cede their lands
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10,000 B.C. – Paleo-Indian Era (Stone Age culture) the earliest human inhabitants of America who lived in caves and were Nomadic hunters of large game including the Great Mammoth and giant bison.
7000 BC – Archaic Period in which people built basic shelters and made stone weapons and stone tools
1000 AD – Woodland Period including the Hopewell cultures established along rivers in the Northeastern and Midwestern United States which included trade exchange systems and burial systems
1000 – Mississippian Culture established. This was the last of the mound-building cultures of North America in Midwestern, Eastern, and Southeastern United States
1659 – Between 1659-1660 French fur traders Pierre-Esprit Radisson (1636 – 1710) and Médard Chouart, Sieur des Groseilliers (1618 – 1710) explore western end of Lake Superior
1679 – Daniel Greysolon, Sieur du Luth (1636–1710) claims the upper Mississippi region for France
1770 – Grand Portage is established as the fur trading crossroads in northern Minnesota (1770 -1804)
1775 – 1775 – 1783 – The American Revolution.
1776 – July 4, 1776 – United States Declaration of Independence
1803 – The United States bought the Louisiana Territory from France for 15 million dollars for the land
1812 – 1812 – 1815: The War of 1812 between U.S. and Great Britain, ended in a stalemate but confirmed America’s Independence
1830 – Indian Removal Act
1832 – Department of Indian Affairs established
1858 – Minnesota was admitted to the Union
1861 – 1861 – 1865: The American Civil War.
1862 – Sioux Indian war in Minnesota and Dakota, aka the Dakota War of 1862. The Sioux killed upwards of 1,000 settlers in Minnesota then fled to Dakota territory pursued by 5000 US Cavalry soldiers
1862 – U.S. Congress passes Homestead Act opening the Great Plains to settlers
1865 – The surrender of Robert E. Lee on April 9 1865 signalled the end of the Confederacy
1887 – Dawes General Allotment Act passed by Congress leads to the break up of the large Indian Reservations and the sale of Indian lands to white settlers
1898 – Battle of Sugar Point US Infantry and Chippewa Indians in Minnesota
1969 – All Indians declared citizens of U.S.
1979 – American Indian Religious Freedom Act was passed