Published on June 24, 2013 by Casey
This Louisiana Indian History Timeline provides a list detailing dates of conflicts, wars and battles involving Louisiana Indians and their history. We have also detailed major events in US history which impacted the history of the Louisiana Indians. Conflicts erupt during the 1800′s between the white settlers and Native Indians including the Adai, Alabama, Apalachee, Atakapa, Avoyel, Bayogoula, Biloxi, Caddo, Chatot, Chawasha, Chitimacha, Choctaw, Houma, Koasati, Koroa, Mugulasha, Muskogee, Natchez, Ouachita, Okelousa, Opelousa, Pascagoula, Quapaw, Quinipissa, Souchitioni, Tangipahoa, Tawasa, Washa and Yatasi. The Native Indians were gradually forced to cede their lands
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10,000 B.C. – Paleo-Indian Era (Stone Age culture) the earliest human inhabitants of America who lived in caves and were Nomadic hunters of large game including the Great Mammoth and giant bison.
1000 – Mississippian Culture established. This was the last of the mound-building cultures of North America in Midwestern, Eastern, and Southeastern United States
100BC – Organised farming in the Louisiana region began at this time with the cultivation of crops such as squash, sunflowers, beans and maize.
1519 – Alvarez de Pindea explores the mouth of the Mississippi
1541 – Hernando de Soto explores the Mississippi River
1682 – Robert Cavalier, Sieur de la Salle claims the territory for King Louis XIV of France and names the area La Louisianne after the French King
1700′s – Chickasaw, Natchez and Yazoo warriors raiders attacked enemy tribes to capture slaves
1719 – The first large importation of black slaves
1729 – Following the Natchez Wars of 1716, 1722 and 1723 the Natchez Rebellion (1729–1731) when Natchez Indians massacre 250 people at Fort Rosalie.
1736 – The Chickasaw Wars (1736, 1739 and 1752) were fought between the Chickasaw allied with the British against the French and their allies the Choctaws and Illini.
1754 – (1754-1763) French and Indian War known in the US as the Seven Years War, (part of the French and Indian Wars) between the colonies of France allied with the Wabanaki Confederacy, Algonquin tribes, Abenaki, Míkmaq, Mohawk, Lenape, Ojibwa, Ottawa, Shawnee, Wyandot and Great Britain allied with the Iroquois Confederacy, Onondaga, Oneida, Seneca, Tuscarora, Mohawk, Cayuga, Catawba and Cherokee tribes
1762 – France cedes the Louisiana Territory to Spain.
1763 – Treaty of Paris
1775 – 1775 – 1783 – The American Revolution.
1776 – July 4, 1776 – United States Declaration of Independence
1800 – Third Treaty of San Ildefonso of 1800 between Spain and France, by which Spain returned Louisiana to France
1803 – The Louisiana Purchase – Napoleon sells the entire Louisiana Territory to the U.S. for $15 million
1812 – 1812 – 1815: The War of 1812 between U.S. and Great Britain, ended in a stalemate but confirmed America’s Independence
1812 – Louisiana becomes the 18th state of the United States
1830 – Indian Removal Act
1832 – Department of Indian Affairs established
1834 – The First Dragoon Expedition of 1834 (also called the Dodge-Leavenworth Expedition or Pawnee expedition) was the first official contact between the US government and the Plains Indians including the Pawnee and Comanche
1861 – 1861 – 1865: The American Civil War.
1862 – U.S. Congress passes Homestead Act opening the Great Plains to settlers
1865 – The surrender of Robert E. Lee on April 9 1865 signalled the end of the Confederacy
1865 – 1865-1868 – Campaign against Indians in southern Oregon, Idaho (Territory) and northern California.
1878 – Yellow fever epidemic kills more than 5,000 people in Louisiana
1887 – Dawes General Allotment Act passed by Congress leads to the break up of the large Indian Reservations and the sale of Indian lands to white settlers
1969 – All Indians declared citizens of U.S.
1979 – American Indian Religious Freedom Act was passed