Published on June 18, 2013 by Casey
The history and the way of life of Kentucky Indians was profoundly affected by newcomers to the area. The indigenous people had occupied the land thousands of years before the first European explorers arrived. The Europeans brought with them new ideas, customs, religions, weapons, transport (the horse and the wheel), livestock (cattle and sheep) and disease which profoundly affected the history of the Native Indians. For a comprehensive History timeline regarding the early settlers and colonists refer to the Colonial America Time Period. The history of the State and of its Native American Indians is detailed in a simple History Timeline. This Kentucky Indian History Timeline provides a list detailing dates of conflicts, wars and battles involving Kentucky Indians and their history. We have also detailed major events in US history which impacted the history of the Kentucky Indians. Conflicts erupt durng the 1800′s between settlers and Native Indians including the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Mosopelea, Shawnee and Yuchi tribes. The Native Indians are gradually forced to cede their lands.
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10,000 B.C. – Paleo-Indian Era (Stone Age culture) the earliest human inhabitants of America who lived in caves and were Nomadic hunters of large game including the Great Mammoth and giant bison.
7000 BC – Archaic Period in which people built basic shelters and made stone weapons and stone tools
1000 AD – Woodland Period including the Adena culture (mounds, a burial complex and ceremonial system. The Adena lived in a variety of locations, including: Ohio, Indiana, West Virginia, Kentucky, and parts of Pennsylvania and New York.) and Hopewell cultures
1000 – Mississippian Culture established. This was the last of the mound-building cultures of North America in Midwestern, Eastern, and Southeastern United States
1739 – Captain Charles de Longueuil explores Kentucky. The French claimed most of land, established trading posts with help of local Indian tribes
1750 – Thomas Walker explores Kentucky through the Cumberland Gap
1751 – Christopher Gist explores the region along the Ohio River
1754 – 1754 – 1763: The French Indian War is won by Great Britain against the French so ending the series of conflicts known as the French and Indian Wars
1763 – Treaty of Paris
1775 – 1775 – 1783 – The American Revolution.
1776 – 1776-1794 Chickamauga Wars aka the Second Cherokee War, a series of conflicts of the Cherokee against the encroachment into their territory.
1776 – July 4, 1776 – United States Declaration of Independence
1785 – Northwest Indian War (1785–1795) in Indiana and Ohio. The Americans suffered 2 humiliating defeats by the American Native Indians until they won the Battle of Fallen Timbers in 1794
1794 – General “Mad Anthony” Wayne’s victory at Fallen Timbers in Ohio ends Indian attacks in Kentucky
1803 – The United States bought the Louisiana Territory from France for 15 million dollars for the land
1812 – 1812 – 1815: The War of 1812 between U.S. and Great Britain, ended in a stalemate but confirmed America’s Independence
1830 – Indian Removal Act
1832 – Department of Indian Affairs established
1861 – 1861 – 1865: The American Civil War.
1862 – U.S. Congress passes Homestead Act opening the Great Plains to settlers
1865 – The surrender of Robert E. Lee on April 9 1865 signalled the end of the Confederacy
1887 – Dawes General Allotment Act passed by Congress leads to the break up of the large Indian Reservations and the sale of Indian lands to white settlers
1969 – All Indians declared citizens of U.S.
1979 – American Indian Religious Freedom Act was passed