Published on June 30, 2013 by Casey
The history and the way of life of Kansas Indians was profoundly affected by newcomers to the area. The indigenous people had occupied the land thousands of years before the first European explorers arrived. The Europeans brought with them new ideas, customs, religions, weapons, transport (the horse and the wheel), livestock (cattle and sheep) and disease which profoundly affected the history of the Native Indians. The history of the State and of its Native American Indians is detailed in a simple History Timeline. This Kansas Indian History Timeline provides a list detailing dates of conflicts, wars and battles involving Kansas Indians and their history. We have also detailed major events in US history which impacted the history of the Kansas Indians. In the 1800′s conflicts erupt between the white settlers and Native Kansas Indians including the Apache, Arapaho, Cherokee, Cheyenne, Chippewa, Comanche, Delaware, Fox, Illinois and Iroquois. The Native Kansas Indians were gradually forced to cede their lands.
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10,000 BC – The first indigenous people were of the Paleo-Indian culture who lived in caves or were Nomadic Hunters
1000 AD – Woodland period with permanent houses and farming
1541 – Francisco Vasquez de Coronado (1510-1554) explores Kansas
1600 – Kansa and Osage Indians arrive in Kansas
1724 – 1724 French explorer Etienne Veniard de Bourgmont (1698-1725) claims the region for France
1762 – France lose Kansas to Spain
1763 – Treaty of Paris
1775 – 1775 – 1783 – The American Revolution.
1776 – July 4, 1776 – United States Declaration of Independence
1803 – The United States bought the Louisiana Territory from France for 15 million dollars for the land
1804 – 1804-1806 Lewis and Clark Expedition
1812 – 1812 – 1815: The War of 1812 between U.S. and Great Britain, ended in a stalemate but confirmed America’s Independence
1825 – Treaties were negotiated between the US and the Kansa and Osage tribes for a cession of Kansa-Osage land onto which eastern Indians could be moved
1830 – Indian Removal Act
1832 – Department of Indian Affairs established
1834 – The First Dragoon Expedition of 1834 (also called the Dodge-Leavenworth Expedition or Pawnee expedition) was the first official contact between the US government and the Plains Indians including the Pawnee and Comanche
1857 – Battle of Solomon Fork
1858 – 1858-1859 – Wichita expedition in Indian Territory
1860 – Kiowa and Comanche expedition, Indian Territory. To remove the Kiowa and Comanche from the area of the Arkansas River.
1861 – 1861 – 1865: The American Civil War.
1862 – U.S. Congress passes Homestead Act opening the Great Plains to settlers
1863 – 1863-1869 War against the Cheyenne, Arapaho, Kiowa and Comanche Indians in Kansas, Nebraska (Territory), Colorado (Territory) and Oklahoma Indian Territory
1864 – General Samuel R. Curtis was sent to Fort Riley, Kansas to subdue the hostility of the Indians
1867 – Kidder Massacre – Cheyenne and Sioux Indians ambushed and killed a 2nd US Cavalry detachment Beaver Creek, Kansas
1867 – The Battle of Beaver Creek and the Battle of Beecher Island
1867 – Medicine Lodge Creek Treaty negotiated in Kansas, results in bands of Comanche, Kiowa, Cheyenne and Arapahoe Plains Indians moving to reservations in Indian Territory.
1868 – The last Indian raid in Kansas. The Cheyenne Raid led by Dull Knife
1874 – 1874-1875 – Campaign against Kiowa, Cheyenne and Comanche Indians in Indian Territory
1878 – The last battle to take place in Kansas was the Battle of Punished Woman Fork in Scott County on September 27, 1878.
1887 – Dawes General Allotment Act passed by Congress leads to the break up of the large Indian Reservations and the sale of Indian lands to white settlers
1969 – All Indians declared citizens of U.S.
1979 – American Indian Religious Freedom Act was passed