History Timeline of the Georgia Indians

Published on June 17, 2013 by Casey

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State Map showing location of Georgia Indians
State Map showing location of Georgia Indians

History Timeline of the Georgia Indians

The history and the way of life of Georgia Indians was profoundly affected by newcomers to the area. The indigenous people had occupied the land thousands of years before the first European explorers arrived. The Europeans brought with them new ideas, customs, religions, weapons, transport (the horse and the wheel), livestock (cattle and sheep) and disease which profoundly affected the history of the Native Indians. For a comprehensive History timeline regarding the early settlers and colonists refer to the Colonial America Time Period. The history of the State and of its Native American Indians is detailed in a simple History Timeline. This Georgia Indian History Timeline provides a list detailing dates of conflicts, wars and battles involving Georgia Indians and their history. We have also detailed major events in US history which impacted the history of the Georgia Indians.

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10,000 BC – The first indigenous people were of the Paleo-Indian culture who lived in caves or were Nomadic Hunters
7000 BC – Archaic Period in which people built basic shelters and made stone weapons and stone tools
2500 BC – Gulf Formational Period of the Southeast culture group with development of ceramics and pottery
1000 AD – Woodland period with permanent houses and farming
1300 – Mississippian culture period of Mound builders
1498 – John Cabot explores the coast of Georgia
1526 – First colony established by Lucas Vazques de Ayllon
1540 – Hernando de Soto explores Georgia
1688 – 1688 – 1763 The French and Indian Wars between France and Great Britain for lands in North America consisting of King William’s War (1688-1699), Queen Anne’s War (1702-1713), King George’s War (1744 – 1748) and the French and Indian War aka the Seven Years War (1754-1763)
1702 – (1702-1713) Queen Anne’s War (part of the French and Indian Wars) between the French and Spanish colonies allied with the Wabanaki Confederacy, Mohawk, Choctaw, Timucua, Apalachee and Natchez tribes against the British colonies allied with the Muscogee (Creek), Chickasaw and Yamasee tribes.
1733 – The first Creek Indian cession
1754 – 1754 – 1763: The French Indian War is won by Great Britain against the French so ending the series of conflicts known as the French and Indian Wars
1763 – Treaty of Paris
1775 – 1775 – 1783 – The American Revolution.
1776 – 1776-1794 Chickamauga Wars aka the Second Cherokee War, a series of conflicts of the Cherokee against the encroachment into their territory.
1776 – July 4, 1776 – United States Declaration of Independence
1803 – The United States bought the Louisiana Territory from France for 15 million dollars for the land
1812 – 1812 – 1815: The War of 1812 between U.S. and Great Britain, ended in a stalemate but confirmed America’s Independence
1813 – Creek War (1813–1814) erupted in Alabama and Georgia. The Creek Indians were defeated by American forces led by Andrew Jackson at Talladega in 1813, at Emuckfau, in 1814, at Enotochopco in 1814 and finally at the Horseshoe Bend of the Tallapoosa River when 750 Creeks were killed or drowned, and 201 whites were killed or wounded.
1825 – Creek Chiefs cede all Creek lands in Georgia to the United States in Treaty of Indian Springs
1830 – Indian Removal Act
1832 – Department of Indian Affairs established
1832 – 1832-1839: Removal of the Seminole, Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw and Creek Indians, known as the “Five Civilized Tribes” to Indian Territory on the Trail of Tears
1836 – 1836 – 1837: The Second Creek War (Seminole War)
1861 – 1861 – 1865: The American Civil War.
1862 – U.S. Congress passes Homestead Act opening the Great Plains to settlers
1865 – The surrender of Robert E. Lee on April 9 1865 signalled the end of the Confederacy
1887 – Dawes General Allotment Act passed by Congress leads to the break up of the large Indian Reservations and the sale of Indian lands to white settlers
1969 – All Indians declared citizens of U.S.
1979 – American Indian Religious Freedom Act was passed

Source: warpaths2peacepipes

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