Published on June 23, 2013 by Casey
The history and the way of life of California Indians was profoundly affected by newcomers to the area. The indigenous people had occupied the land thousands of years before the first European explorers arrived. The Europeans brought with them new ideas, customs, religions, weapons, transport (the horse and the wheel), livestock (cattle and sheep) and disease which profoundly affected the history of the Native Indians. For a comprehensive History timeline regarding the early settlers and colonists refer to the Colonial America Time Period. The history of the State and of its Native American Indians is detailed in a simple History Timeline. This California Indian History Timeline provides a list detailing dates of conflicts, wars and battles involving California Indians and their history. We have also detailed major events in US history which impacted the history of the California Indians.
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10,000 BC – The first indigenous people were of the Paleo-Indian culture who lived in caves or were Nomadic Hunters
7000 BC – Archaic Period in which people built basic shelters and made stone weapons and stone tools
1000 AD – Woodland period with permanent houses and farming
1535 – Hernando Cortés explores La Paz
1539 – Francisco de Ulloa explores the gulf of California
1542 – Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo explores California and claims the land for Spain
1545 – A typhus epidemic brought by the Europeans kills hundreds of thousands of natives
1579 – Sir Francis Drake also claims California for England
1775 – 1775 – 1783 – The American Revolution.
1776 – July 4, 1776 – United States Declaration of Independence
1781 – The Yuma Revolt
1803 – The United States bought the Louisiana Territory from France for 15 million dollars for the land
1812 – 1812 – 1815: The War of 1812 between U.S. and Great Britain, ended in a stalemate but confirmed America’s Independence
1821 – Mexico wins its independence from Spain and takes control of California
1830 – Indian Removal Act
1830 – 1830-1840 – Miwok-Yokut Raids into Mexican California
1832 – Department of Indian Affairs established
1841 – Captain John Bartleson leads first wagon train of settlers, across Utah to California
1846 – The United States invades Mexico
1848 – California is passed to the US with the Treaty of Guadalupe, which ended the Mexican War
1850 – California was admitted into the Union
1850 – The Mariposa Indian War in California, a conflict between the with Miwok and Yokut Indians and miners. Miners forced the Indians off their gold rich lands.
1850 – The Pitt River expedition, California. Made by Colonel E. A. Stevenson, Indian Agent to establish relations with the Achomawi or Pit River, Hat Creek and Modoc.
1856 – The Tule River War
1861 – 1861 – 1865: The American Civil War.
1862 – U.S. Congress passes Homestead Act opening the Great Plains to settlers
1864 – The Snake War (1864–1868) was fought by the U.S. army against the “Snake Indians” which was the settlers term for Northern Paiute, Bannock and Western Shoshone bands who lived along the Snake River. Fighting took place in Oregon, Nevada, and California, and Idaho
1865 – The surrender of Robert E. Lee on April 9 1865 signalled the end of the Confederacy
1865 – 1865-1868 – Campaign against Indians in southern Oregon, Idaho (Territory) and northern California.
1872 – 1872 – 1873 Modoc War in California and Oregon when led by Captain Jack Native Indians left their terrible reservation and fought for 6 months, Captain Jack was hanged
1887 – Dawes General Allotment Act passed by Congress leads to the break up of the large Indian Reservations and the sale of Indian lands to white settlers
1969 – All Indians declared citizens of U.S.
1979 – American Indian Religious Freedom Act was passed