Published on June 29, 2013 by Casey
The history and the way of life of Arizona Indians was profoundly affected by newcomers to the area. The indigenous people had occupied the land thousands of years before the first European explorers arrived. The Europeans brought with them new ideas, customs, religions, weapons, transport (the horse and the wheel), livestock (cattle and sheep) and disease which profoundly affected the history of the Native Indians. For a comprehensive History timeline regarding the early settlers and colonists refer to the Colonial America Time Period. The history of the State and of its Native American Indians is detailed in a simple History Timeline. This Arizona Indian History Timeline provides a list detailing dates of conflicts, wars and battles involving Arizona Indians and their history. We have also detailed major events in US history which impacted the history of the Arizona Indians.
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10,000 BC – The first indigenous people were of the Paleo-Indian culture who lived in caves or were Nomadic Hunters using stone weapons
9000 BC – Clovis Culture (named after artefacts found at Clovis, New Mexico. These people used a distinctive type of fluted arrow point
7000 BC – Archaic Period in which people built basic shelters and made stone weapons and stone tools
2500 BC – Gulf Formational Period with development of ceramics and pottery
1000 AD – Woodland period with permanent houses and farming
1539 – Father Marcos de Niza claims Arizona for Spain.
1540 – Francisco Vasquez de Coronado of Spain searches for the Seven Cities of Gold (Cibola) he fails but also claims Arizona for Spain
1700 – San Xavier del Bac mission is founded
1752 – The first permanent Spanish settlement was established in Tubac, after many revolts from the Pima and Papago Native Americans tribes
1763 – Treaty of Paris
1775 – 1775 – 1783 – The American Revolution.
1776 – July 4, 1776 – United States Declaration of Independence
1803 – The United States bought the Louisiana Territory from France for 15 million dollars for the land
1812 – 1812 – 1815: The War of 1812 between U.S. and Great Britain, ended in a stalemate but confirmed America’s Independence
1821 – Mexico gains military control of Arizona
1830 – Indian Removal Act
1832 – Department of Indian Affairs established
1848 – United States win the Mexican War and gain all of Arizona north of the Gila River
1849 – 1846 – 1863 The Navajo conflicts in New Mexico and Arizona
1853 – The Gadsden Purchase – the rest of Arizona becomes part of United States
1858 – Gold is discovered on Gila River
1861 – 1861 – 1865: The American Civil War.
1862 – The Apache tribe, led by Cochise, attack soldiers at Apache Pass, beginning a ten year war with settlers.
1862 – U.S. Congress passes Homestead Act opening the Great Plains to settlers
1863 – Territory of Arizona is created by Congress
1864 – Kit Carson captures 7,000 Navajo Indians in Canyon de Chelly and forces them to leave Arizona
1865 – The surrender of Robert E. Lee on April 9 1865 signalled the end of the Confederacy
1873 – Campaign against Apache Indians in Arizona and New Mexico
1886 – September 4 – The Apache Chief Geronimo surrenders
1887 – Dawes General Allotment Act passed by Congress leads to the break up of the large Indian Reservations and the sale of Indian lands to white settlers
1893 – Navajo war against white settlers. Northwestern New Mexico and Northeastern Arizona
1896 – Yaqui Uprising – conflict that took place in the Mexican state of Sonora and the American state of Arizona
1969 – All Indians declared citizens of U.S.
1979 – American Indian Religious Freedom Act was passed