Published on June 16, 2013 by Casey
The history and the way of life of Alabama Indians was profoundly affected by newcomers to the area. The indigenous people had occupied the land thousands of years before the first European explorers arrived. The Europeans brought with them new ideas, customs, religions, weapons, transport (the horse and the wheel), livestock (cattle and sheep) and disease which profoundly affected the history of the Native Indians. For a comprehensive History timeline regarding the early settlers and colonists refer to the Colonial America Time Period. The history of the State and of its Native American Indians is detailed in a simple History Timeline. This Alabama Indian History Timeline provides a list detailing dates of Indian Wars and Battles involving Alabama Indians and their history. We have also detailed major events in US history which impacted the history of the history of the Alabama Indians.
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10,000 BC – The first indigenous people were of the Paleo-Indian culture who lived in caves or were Nomadic Hunters
7000 BC – Archaic Period in which people built basic shelters and made stone weapons and stone tools
2500 BC – Gulf Formational Period of the Southeast culture group with development of ceramics and pottery
1000 AD – Woodland period with permanent houses and farming
1300 - Mississippian culture period of Mound builders
1519 - The Alabama Indians were originally from Mississippi and members of the Muscogee Creek Confederacy. The Alabama tribe first encountered Europeans when Alonso Alvarez de Pineda led an expedition to the region
1528 - Cabeza de Vaca visited Alabama
1540 - Hernando de Soto led a Spanish expedition to the area.
1702 - The first permanent European settlement was founded by the French at Fort Louis de la Mobile
1763 - Treaty of Paris – British gained control of Alabama
1775 - 1775 – 1783 – The American Revolution. Great Britain had to cede almost all the Alabama region to the US and Spain
1776 - July 4, 1776 – United States Declaration of Independence
1803 - The United States bought the Louisiana Territory from France for 15 million dollars for the land
1805 - 1805 – 1806: (Choctaw) and northern (Chickasaw and Cherokee) Indian cessions open up land to white settlement
1812 - 1812 – 1815: The War of 1812 between U.S. and Great Britain, ended in a stalemate but confirmed America’s Independence
1813 - Creek War (1813–1814) erupted in Alabama and Georgia. The Creek Indians were defeated by American forces led by Andrew Jackson at Talladega in 1813, at Emuckfau, in 1814, at Enotochopco in 1814 and finally at the Horseshoe Bend of the Tallapoosa River when 750 Creeks were killed or drowned, and 201 whites were killed or wounded.
1830 - Indian Removal Act
1832 - Department of Indian Affairs established
1832 - 1832-1839: Removal of the Seminole, Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw and Creek Indians, known as the “Five Civilized Tribes” to Indian Territory on the Trail of Tears
1835 - The Alabama gold rush
1836 - 1836 – 1837: The Second Creek War (Seminole War) in which Creek warriors were defeated at Hobdy’s Bridge South Alabama
1861 - 1861 – 1865: The American Civil War.
1862 - U.S. Congress passes Homestead Act opening the Great Plains to settlers
1865 - The surrender of Robert E. Lee on April 9 1865 signalled the end of the Confederacy
1887 - Dawes General Allotment Act passed by Congress leads to the break up of the large Indian Reservations and the sale of Indian lands to white settlers
1969 - All Indians declared citizens of U.S.
1979 - American Indian Religious Freedom Act was passed