Fountain First Indian Tribe of British Columbia

Published on October 5, 2010 by John

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Xaxlip map

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Xaxlip map

The Xaxli’p First Nation, also known as the Fountain First Nation or the Fountain Indian Band, is a First Nations government located in the Central Interior-Fraser Canyon region of the Canadian province of British Columbia. It is a member of the Lillooet Tribal Council, which is the largest grouping of band governments of the St’at’imc people (aka the Lillooet people). Other St’at’imc governments include the smaller In-SHUCK-ch Nation on the lower Lillooet River to the southwest, and the independent N’Quatqua First Nation at the farther end of Anderson Lake from Seton Portage, which is the location of three of the reserve communities of the Seton Lake First Nation, aka the Seton Lake Indian Band.

The Fountain First Nation’s offices are located at Fountain, British Columbia, about 10 miles up the Fraser Canyon from the town of Lillooet. Fountain is known in the St’at’imcets language as Cácl’ep or Xaxli’p.

Chief and Councillors

The Chief is Darrell Bob and Councillors are Bobby Watkinson, Howard Bob, Isaac Adolph, Nora Billy, Bernard John, and Milton Doss.


Main article: St’at’imcets language

Treaty Process

The Xaxli’p First Nation entered the British Columbia Treaty Process in December 1993. The parties signed a framework agreement (Stage 3 of the six-stage process) in November 1997.

The First Nation then focused on internal research, including substantial work on a traditional use study and an ecosystem-based plan for their territory. They resumed negotiations in July 2000, and the parties worked towards interim agreements, including a water quality study and community forest pilot agreement. In March 2001, the Xaxli’p First Nation left the negotiating table, according to the provincial government.


Xaxl’ip Chief Thomas Adolph signed the 1911 Declaration of the Lillooet Tribe and also travelled to Ottawa to express grievances over land rights as a member of the 1916 delegation of the newly formed Indian Rights Association.

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