First Battle of Adobe Walls (1864)

Published on March 4, 2013 by Carol

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Battle of Adobe Walls

In 1864, Brigadier General James H. Carleton, commanding the Department of New Mexico , wanted to eliminate the Indian attacks on white settlers traveling along the Santa Fe Trail into New Mexico Territory. To accomplish this, he soon sent Colonel Christopher “Kit” Carson, commanding the 1st New Mexico Volunteer Cavalry, into the Texas Panhandle to attack the Kiowa and the Comanche. Resting his men at the ruins of Adobe Walls, Carson led an attack against a nearby Kiowa village on November 25, 1864. The next day, the Kiowa, now joined with the Comanche counter-attacked Carson and his men at Adobe Walls. Though thousands of Indians were attacking the Cavalry, Carson and his men were able to hold their position with two howitzers. Though the results of the battle were indecisive, Carson was acclaimed as a hero for fighting one of the largest engagements on the Great Plains, against far greater odds and with minimal casualties.

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Source: Legendsofamerica Unabridged
Based on the collective work of, © 2015 Native American Encyclopedia.
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