Published on June 29, 2013 by Casey
At the point of contact with the Europeans there were two Native American groups inhabited the State of Illinois. The Illinois Indians was a collection of twelve tribes and the Miami tribes who lived in villages. There are many famous Native American tribes who played a part in the history of the state and whose tribal territories and homelands are located in the present day state of Illinois. The names of the Illinois tribes included the Illinois tribe (Illini), Iroquois, Chippewa, Ottawa, and Potawatomi, Kickapoo, Kaskaskia, Miami, Shawnee, Sauk and Fox tribes.
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The way of life and history of Illinois Indians was dictated by the natural raw materials available in the State of Illinois. The natural resources and materials available provided the food, clothing and houses of the Illinois Indians. Fast facts about the history, culture and life of the State of Illinois Indians. Discover facts and information about the history of the State of Illinois Indians.
Name of State: Illinois
Meaning of State name: Meaning “Men or warriors,” the name of a confederacy of Algonquian tribes.
Geography, Environment and Characteristics of the State of Illinois: Prairies and fertile plains throughout; open hills in the southern region
Culture adopted by Illinois Indians: Northeast Woodlands Cultural Group
Languages: Iroquoian and Algonquian
Way of Life (Lifestyle): Hunter-gatherers, farmers, fishers, trappers
Types of housing, homes or shelters: Chickees, Wigwams (aka Birchbark houses) and Longhouses