Published on October 26, 2010 by John
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The Edisto were a member of the Cusabo family of tribes.
Alternate spellings: Edistoe, Edistow, Adusta, Audusta, Orista, Oristanum
Possible meanings: ?
Language family: Muskogean
SC Location, Territory
Traditional: Edisto Island and along the lower Edisto River in Charleston and Colleton counties.
Related SC Names
Edisto Beach in Colleton County
Edisto Island in Charleston County
The Edisto aided a group of French Huguenots in 1562 with their unsuccessful attempt to establish a colony at Port Royal. The Spanish established a mission and built Fort San Felipe in the area in 1566. The Edisto and their neighbors rebelled against the Spanish and burned the fort in 1576. The Spanish rebuilt the fort.
The Spanish abandoned Fort San Felipe in 1587. The Edisto moved from the lower Edisto River to Edisto Island.In 1663, they entertained English exploring parties.
An English colony was established in the area in 1670. Weakened by disease and attacks from neighboring tribes, during 1715, the Edisto gradually disappeared.