Edisto Indian Tribe of South Carolina

Published on October 26, 2010 by John

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Edisto Tribe of South Carolina

Name, Language

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The Edisto were a member of the Cusabo family of tribes.
Alternate spellings: Edistoe, Edistow, Adusta, Audusta, Orista, Oristanum
Possible meanings: ?
Language family: Muskogean

Current Status

SC Location, Territory
Traditional: Edisto Island and along the lower Edisto River in Charleston and Colleton counties.
Related SC Names
Edisto River
Edisto Beach in Colleton County
Edisto Island in Charleston County
Population Estimates
1600: 1,000


The Edisto aided a group of French Huguenots in 1562 with their unsuccessful attempt to establish a colony at Port Royal. The Spanish established a mission and built Fort San Felipe in the area in 1566. The Edisto and their neighbors rebelled against the Spanish and burned the fort in 1576. The Spanish rebuilt the fort.
The Spanish abandoned Fort San Felipe in 1587. The Edisto moved from the lower Edisto River to Edisto Island.In 1663, they entertained English exploring parties.

An English colony was established in the area in 1670. Weakened by disease and attacks from neighboring tribes, during 1715, the Edisto gradually disappeared.

Source: wikipedia.org

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The State of Arizona's name comes from the Aztec word "Arizuma" meaning "silver bearing". It has also been linked to the Pima Peoples word "Arizonac," meaning "little spring" or "young spring."

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