Published on July 1, 2014 by Amy
The records of the Dakota Superintendency relate to almost all aspects of Indian administration including negotiation and enforcement of treaties, Indian delegations, annuity and other payments, intrusions on Indian lands, hostilities and depredations, enforcement of federal laws and regulations, traders and licenses, contracts, claims, location of agencies, construction and repair of buildings, purchase and transportation of goods and supplies, furnishing food and other subsistence to Indians, Indian education and farming, medical supplies and health, agency accounts and employees, general conditions among the Indian tribes, locations of Indian bands, hunting, and inter-tribal relations.
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The Dakota Superintendency was created in 1861. Since 1851 the Indians in the Dakota Territory area had been under the Central Superintendency, which had received responsibility for Indians in Dakota from the St. Louis Superintendency. The Indians in Dakota most mentioned in this correspondence are the Brulé, Yankton, Miniconjou, Sans Arc, Two Kettle, Blackfeet, Hunkpapa, Yanktonai, Yankton, Cut Head, Mandan, Ponca, Crow, Blood, Piegan, and Grosventre. Localities are South Dakota, North Dakota, Nebraska, Montana, and Wyoming.
The Superintendency was discontinued in 1870, but was revived in April, 1877. It took charge of the Standing Rock (formerly Grand River), Cheyenne River, Crow Creek, Lower Brulé, Yankton, Red Cloud, and Spotted Tail (formerly Whetstone) Agencies.
The Superintendency was abolished in June, 1878.
William Jayne March 27, 1861, Newton Edmunds October 6, 1863, Andrew J. Faulk August 4, 1866, John A. Burbank April 5, 1869, John H. Hammond April 5, 1877, William J. Pollock February 21, 1878.
Agencies at the time of the establishment of the Superintendency in 1861 and tribes for which they were responsible were the:
Between 1861 and 1870, the following Agencies were added to the Dakota Superintendency:
Records of the Dakota Superintendent of Indian Affairs, 1860-1878, are at the National Archives and have been microfilmed as their Microcopy Number M1016. Copies are also available at the Denver Regional Archives and at the University of Arizona. This same set of microfilm of the records of the Dakota Superintendency are also available at the Family History Library and its family history centers.
Letters received by the Office of Indian Affairs from the Dakota Superintendency, 1851-1880, have been microfilmed by the National Archives as part of their Microcopy Number M234. Copies are available at the National Archives and at the Family History Library and its family history centers on their microfilm roll numbers 1660980 thru 1661003.