Chumash Indians

Published on September 11, 2011 by Amy

Love this article and want to save it to read again later? Add it to your favourites! To find all your favourite posts, check out My Favourites on the menu bar.

By William Langdon Kihn
Group of Chumash Indians Carry a Plank Canoe
from the Water
by William Langdon Kihn

The Chumash Indians mainly lived in the southern coastal areas of California as well as the Channel Islands. Today, many California cities still bear Chumash Indian names including Simi Valley, Point Mugu, and Malibu. Chumash is believed to mean either “bead maker” or “seashell people.” At one point, there were between 10,000 and 20,000 Chumash Indians. Because of disease, by 1900, the population had dwindled to 200. Today, there are approximately 5,000 people claiming to be of Chumash descent.

dna testing, dna ancestry testing, ancestry, genealogy, indian genealogy records, paternity testing, turquoise jewelry, native american jewelry

Traditionally, the Chumash Indians were hunter-gatherers. They were also very good fishermen, being among only two tribes to regularly navigate the Pacific ocean. Their canoes, called tomols, could be used for moving goods or even whaling. Because they had access to resources on both land and sea, the Chumash were one of the more prosperous Indian tribes in California. Unlike many Indian tribes, the Chumash women could be chiefs and priests. The chieftains were the richest and most powerful tribesmen and might reign over several villages. Once the chieftain died, his or her daughter or son could inherit the position.

The Chumash Indians were also great artisans, creating baskets that are housed at the Smithsonian Institution. The second largest collection of Chumash baskets is at the Museum of Natural History in Santa Barbara, which is the modern day sight of the Chumash homeland.

Another type of Chumash art could be seen on the walls of caves. The Chumash conducted religious ceremonies in caves along the coastline. At first, they used charcoal to draw, but later used brighter colors such as red, orange and yellow. The drawings were simple, usually of people or animals. Today, these caves are protected by the National Parks system so future generations can enjoy them.

The Chumash Indians have a casino in Santa Barbara County. Like many tribes, the income from the casinos goes to help preserve their culture. The Chumash have implemented a language program where the younger members of the tribe can learn the language from their elders. They also used casino income to cross the Santa Barbara Channel, only the third time in 150 years that they Chumash people have done this.

Source: indians Unabridged
Based on the collective work of, © 2015 Native American Encyclopedia.
Cite This Source | Link To Chumash Indians
Add these citations to your bibliography. Select the text below and then copy and paste it into your document.

American Psychological Association (APA):

Chumash Indians Unabridged. Retrieved May 28, 2015, from website:

Chicago Manual Style (CMS):

Chumash Indians Unabridged. Native American Encyclopedia (accessed: May 28, 2015).

Modern Language Association (MLA):

"Chumash Indians" Unabridged. Native American Encyclopedia 28 May. 2015. <>.

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE):, "Chumash Indians" in Unabridged. Source location: Native American Encyclopedia Available: Accessed: May 28, 2015.

BibTeX Bibliography Style (BibTeX)

@ article {NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com2015,
    title = { Unabridged},
    month = May,
    day = 28,
    year = 2015,
    url = {},
You might also like:

Tags:  ,

Facebook Comments

You must be logged in to post a comment.