Published on January 23, 2013 by Carol
Many people have heard of the wendigo, the cannibal monster found in American Indian folklore across much of the northern US and Canada. Wendigos have been featured in movies, comic books and TV shows. In northern New England, the five Wabanaki tribes talk about a similar creature, known either as the chenoo, the giwakwa, or the kiwakwa. You should avoid it no matter what it’s called!
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According to Frank Speck’s 1935 article “Penobscot Tales and Religious Beliefs” in The Journal of American Folklore, the word “kiwakwa” means “going about in the woods.” If you don’t want to see one of these monsters stay out of the woods during the winter.
The chenoo/giwakwa/kiwakwa is a human being who has been transformed through dark magic into a cannibalistic giant. Much like the Incredible Hulk, they get larger as they get angrier, and often tower above the tallest tree. Unlike the Hulk, they are emaciated, have enormous fangs, and often have eaten their own lips in hunger. They are always hungry, and their scream will kill any human who hears it. Sometimes, a dead shaman of great power may return from his grave as a chenoo. Chenoos usually appear in the winter.
Chenoo get their evil powers from a lump of human-shaped ice in their stomach. There are several tales where clever people make a chenoo vomit up the ice lump, which returns it to human form. In some stories, making a chenoo eat salt will melt the lump.
Chopping a chenoo into many small pieces is the only way to be certain it won’t regenerate, and even after it’s killed people will avoid the spot where it died.
There are many chenoo legends online. The Girl Chenoo tells how a young woman is turned into a monster by a rejected suitor; it’s a downer! A story with a similar title but happier outcome is The Girl and the Chenoo, which tells how a wife saved her family from being eaten.