Calumet

Published on March 3, 2013 by Amy

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Calumet
Calumet

Calumet, name given by the French to the peace pipe used by the indigenous people of North America for smoking tobacco; it consisted of a long, feathered stem, with or without a pipe bowl. Such pipes were considered sacred, offering communion with the animate powers of the universe and embodying the honor and the source of power of Native Americans who possessed them. Every aspect of their fashioning and decoration was symbolic, and they varied from tribe to tribe. Calumets were particularly used at the conclusion of peace treaties and in ceremonies of adoption. They served as ambassadors’ credentials and were passports of safe-conduct wherever recognized. To refuse to smoke the calumet when invited was considered an extreme insult. The pipes were principally used by the Dakotan (Siouan) and Algonquian peoples of the Great Plains and in the SE United States. However, pipes were used throughout most of North America, and communal smoking, wherever found, usually carried the guarantees of amity granted with food sharing. In the Middle West pipestone was much used in making them.

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Source: infoplease

NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged
Based on the collective work of NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com, © 2014 Native American Encyclopedia.
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American Psychological Association (APA):

Calumet NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged. Retrieved September 21, 2014, from NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com website: http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com/calumet/

Chicago Manual Style (CMS):

Calumet NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com. NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged. Native American Encyclopedia http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com/calumet/ (accessed: September 21, 2014).

Modern Language Association (MLA):

"Calumet" NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged. Native American Encyclopedia 21 Sep. 2014. <NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com/calumet/>.

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE):

NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com, "Calumet" in NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged. Source location: Native American Encyclopedia http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com/calumet/. Available: http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com. Accessed: September 21, 2014.

BibTeX Bibliography Style (BibTeX)

@ article {NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com2014,
    title = {NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged},
    month = Sep,
    day = 21,
    year = 2014,
    url = {http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com/calumet/},
}
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The State of Oklahoma is from the Choctaw Peoples Language meaning "Red People." It is the combination of two words "Okla" meaning people and Humma" meaning red.

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