Published on January 22, 2011 by John
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Duwali, also known as Chief Bowl (or Bowles),
a Cherokee chief who lived briefly in Arkansas.
The Bowl (Also Chief Bowles, Cherokee: Di’wali) was one of the leaders of the Cherokee hostile to the United States of America during the Chickamauga wars, under Dragging Canoe and later John Watts. He led the first major Cherokee emigration west across the Mississippi River, where he and his followers settled in what later became Arkansas Territory in 1810. When the government was organized the next year, he was elected Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation West, serving until his departure for Spanish Texas in 1813. He was succeeded by Degadoga.
The Bowl became leader of the Cherokee in Spanish Texas along with Richard Fields, and ultimately died at the outbreak of war in 1839 between the Tsalagiyi nvdagi and the Republic of Texas. That war, which later claimed the lives of Fields and The Bowl’s son John Bowles, did not truly end until the Treaty of Bird’s Fort in 1843.