Black Slaves, Indian Masters: Slavery, Emancipation, and Citizenship in the Native American South

Published on July 12, 2013 by Carol

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Black Slaves, Indian Masters: Slavery, Emancipation,
and Citizenship in the Native American South

Book title: Black Slaves, Indian Masters: Slavery, Emancipation, and Citizenship in the Native American South

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Author: Barbara Krauthamer

Book Description:
From the late eighteenth century through the end of the Civil War, Choctaw and Chickasaw Indians bought, sold, and owned Africans and African Americans as slaves, a fact that persisted after the tribes’ removal from the Deep South to Indian Territory. The tribes formulated racial and gender ideologies that justified this practice and marginalized free black people in the Indian nations well after the Civil War and slavery had ended. Through the end of the nineteenth century, ongoing conflicts among Choctaw, Chickasaw, and U.S. lawmakers left untold numbers of former slaves and their descendants in the two Indian nations without citizenship in either the Indian nations or the United States. In this groundbreaking study, Barbara Krauthamer rewrites the history of southern slavery, emancipation, race, and citizenship to reveal the centrality of Native American slaveholders and the black people they enslaved.

Krauthamer’s examination of slavery and emancipation highlights the ways Indian women’s gender roles changed with the arrival of slavery and changed again after emancipation and reveals complex dynamics of race that shaped the lives of black people and Indians both before and after removal.

Source: Amazon

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American Psychological Association (APA):

Black Slaves, Indian Masters: Slavery, Emancipation, and Citizenship in the Native American South NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged. Retrieved December 20, 2014, from NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com website: http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com/black-slaves-indian-masters-slavery-emancipation-and-citizenship-the-native-american-south/

Chicago Manual Style (CMS):

Black Slaves, Indian Masters: Slavery, Emancipation, and Citizenship in the Native American South NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com. NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged. Native American Encyclopedia http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com/black-slaves-indian-masters-slavery-emancipation-and-citizenship-the-native-american-south/ (accessed: December 20, 2014).

Modern Language Association (MLA):

"Black Slaves, Indian Masters: Slavery, Emancipation, and Citizenship in the Native American South" NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged. Native American Encyclopedia 20 Dec. 2014. <NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com/black-slaves-indian-masters-slavery-emancipation-and-citizenship-the-native-american-south/>.

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE):

NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com, "Black Slaves, Indian Masters: Slavery, Emancipation, and Citizenship in the Native American South" in NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged. Source location: Native American Encyclopedia http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com/black-slaves-indian-masters-slavery-emancipation-and-citizenship-the-native-american-south/. Available: http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com. Accessed: December 20, 2014.

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@ article {NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com2014,
    title = {NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged},
    month = Dec,
    day = 20,
    year = 2014,
    url = {http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com/black-slaves-indian-masters-slavery-emancipation-and-citizenship-the-native-american-south/},
}
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Did You Know?

The City of Pensacola, Florida, is named after the Pansfalaya Tribe that lived in the area. The term itself is what the Choctaw People referred to the tribe as, "the long haired people."

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