Published on April 2, 2012 by Amy
After General Harmar’s Defeat in 1790 and General St. Clair’s Defeat in 1791, the Indians of the Ohio country seemed invincible. But the United States Army learned valuable lessons from these defeats.
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General Anthony Wayne took command of the Legion of the United States in 1792. He trained his men hard and waited until his army was ready before marching against the Ohio Indians. The great chief Little Turtle called General Wayne the “chief who never sleeps” and said the Indians should make peace. The other Indian leaders did not agree. Blue Jacket took over as war chief.
On 28 July 1794, General Wayne’s army marched northward from Greenville. The army had 2,000 men of the Legion of the United States and 1,500 mounted volunteers. On 20 August 1794 they met a force of about 1,100 Indians including Wyandots, Miamis, Ottawas, Delawares, Mingoes, Shawnees, Potawatomis, Chippewas, and some Canadian militia disguised as Indians. There was a fierce battle through a part of the forest where a recent storm had knocked down many trees. These “fallen timbers” gave the battle its name. The American army lost about 30 men and another 100 were wounded. The Indian losses are hard to count because they carried most of their dead and wounded away from the battlefield. Probably more than 200 warriors were killed and more than double that number were wounded.
General Wayne’s army defeated the Indians and chased them to the British Fort Miamis. The British would not help the Indians. The Indians felt betrayed by the British. One year later, the Indians came to Greenville to surrender formally. They signed the Treaty of Greenville opening all of Ohio to white settlers.