Battle of Sand Hollows (February 24, 1848)

Published on February 20, 2013 by Carol

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Sand Hollows

Also called the Battle of Dry Plains, this battle began on a plain where depressions in the sand made convenient natural rifle pits. When a group of soldiers led by Captain Lawrence Hall left The Dalles and pressed out on the old emigrant road towards Whitman’s Station, they were attacked as they approached the Umatilla River.

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In the end, the three-hour battle was inconclusive, destroying the chance for the alliance with the Nez Perce, Yakama and Spokan. Chief Gray Eagle was killed and Chief Five Crows was wounded, but able to escape. Seven other warriors were also killed, as well as four more wounded. The army’s casualties included five wounded, one of whom was Lieutenant-Colonel Waters.

The troops continued on to the the old Whitman Mission, arriving about March 3rd. Upon, their arrival, the remains of those who had been killed were given a decent burial and a small stockade was built, which they called Fort Waters in honor of their fallen comrade.

The Native Americans were composed of Umatilla, Cayuse, Palouse and a few Walla Walla braves, who were in arms, not so much for the protection of the Whitman murderers as for the defense of their country from a general white invasion. However, the Cayuse also had another objective, hoping to decisively defeat the volunteer regiment and bring other tribes into their coalition. When the attack began members of the Kalispel, Coeur d’ Alene, and Flathead tribes observed them. The principal leaders were Cayuse Chiefs Five Crows and Gray Eagle, who had assured their followers that the white soldiers would never reach the Umatilla River because they were both “big medicine” men.

Source: Legendsofamerica Unabridged
Based on the collective work of, © 2015 Native American Encyclopedia.
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