Published on September 16, 2013 by Amy
The Aroostook Band of Micmac is a federally recognized tribe of Mi’kmaq people in Aroostook County, Maine. Their autonym is Ulustuk. Of the 28 bands of Mi’kmaq people, the Aroostook Band is the only in the United States, and the Aroostook Band were the first foreign power to sign a treaty with the United States on July 6, 1776.
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The tribe has no reservation but owns 1,350 acres of land. The Census Bureau listed 4.236 km² (1,046.7 acres) of Trust Land in the 2010 census, located at 46°55′13″N 67°53′15″W in the Town of Limestone. An official population of 197 inhabitants was counted on the trust lands.
The Aroostook Band of Micmac is headquartered in Presque Isle, Maine. The tribe is governed by an 9-member council. Elections are held in every odd year. The current administration is as follows.
The Aroostook Band were excluded from the 1980 Maine Indian land claim settlement. On the 26th of November, 1991, they gained federal recognition when the Aroostook Band of Micmacs Settlement Act was passed as law. In 1991, the tribe had almost 500 members.
Members of the Aroostook Band weave black ash baskets, quillwork birch bark boxes, and floral sculptures from maple, cedar, and white birch wood. Traditionally their wigwams were painted with designs distinct to their band.