Archie Sam ~ Natchez-Cherokee-Muscogee Creek

Published on October 20, 2013 by Amy

Love this article and want to save it to read again later? Add it to your favourites! To find all your favourite posts, check out My Favourites on the menu bar.

Natchez Nation
Natchez Nation

Archie Sam (30 June 1914 – 23 May 1986) was a Natchez-Cherokee-Muscogee Creek traditionalist, stomp dance leader, scholar, enrolled member of the United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians, and the Sun Chief of the Natchez Nation.

dna testing, dna ancestry testing, ancestry, genealogy, indian genealogy records, paternity testing, turquoise jewelry, native american jewelry

Early life and military service

Archie Sam was born in the Greenleaf Mountain community near Braggs, Oklahoma on 30 June 1914. Archie was the youngest son of White Tobacco Sam, son of Creek Sam, and his mother was Aggie Cumsey, a fullblood Longhair clan Cherokee. Archie Sam was the grandnephew of Watt Sam, the last native speaker of the Natchez language.

Sam married Maudie Louise Quinton Sam (1914–2006), and the couple had two children, Roy Wayne Sam (1945–2011) and Adeline Naeher.

Sam attended Bacone College in Muskogee and graduated from Connors State College in Warner. He then enlisted in the 45th Infantry Division and in 1940 he served overseas in World War II, participating in special missions at Thule Air Base in northern Greenland where he met and hunted with the Inughuit. After the war he transferred to the United States Air Force where he remained in the Air Force for 21 years before working for the United States Postal Service.

Cultural work

In 1977 Sam worked with professor Charles Van Tuyl to recover sound recordings of Watt Sam that had been archived at the University of Chicago. These are the only known recordings of the Natchez language being spoken.

Upon retiring in 1971, he dedicated himself to the preservation of his indigenous heritage. He was a practitioner of native Natchez religion, and in 1969 he revived the Medicine Springs ceremonial ground, located near Gore, Oklahoma.


Archie Sam died on 23 May 1986 and is buried in the Fort Gibson National Cemetery in Fort Gibson, Oklahoma.

Source: wikipedia Unabridged
Based on the collective work of, © 2014 Native American Encyclopedia.
Cite This Source | Link To Archie Sam ~ Natchez-Cherokee-Muscogee Creek
Add these citations to your bibliography. Select the text below and then copy and paste it into your document.

American Psychological Association (APA):

Archie Sam ~ Natchez-Cherokee-Muscogee Creek Unabridged. Retrieved September 01, 2014, from website:

Chicago Manual Style (CMS):

Archie Sam ~ Natchez-Cherokee-Muscogee Creek Unabridged. Native American Encyclopedia (accessed: September 01, 2014).

Modern Language Association (MLA):

"Archie Sam ~ Natchez-Cherokee-Muscogee Creek" Unabridged. Native American Encyclopedia 01 Sep. 2014. <>.

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE):, "Archie Sam ~ Natchez-Cherokee-Muscogee Creek" in Unabridged. Source location: Native American Encyclopedia Available: Accessed: September 01, 2014.

BibTeX Bibliography Style (BibTeX)

@ article {NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com2014,
    title = { Unabridged},
    month = Sep,
    day = 01,
    year = 2014,
    url = {},
You might also like:

Tags:  , , , ,

Facebook Comments

You must be logged in to post a comment.

Did You Know?

The City of Roanoke, Virginia, derives its name from the Algonquian Language meaning "shells." Native American tribes used shells as a form of currency and Roanoke was a region where the shells could be found.

In the Spotlight
Latest Articles
Most Favourited Posts
Photo Galleries
Native American Quotes XNative American Place Names and DefinitionsSacred Places