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American Indians Timeline
American Indians Timeline – Before Common Era to 1400′s
21000BC-18000BC In 2008 researchers reported that DNA evidence indicated that 95% of native Americans had descended from 6 women of this period. It was believed that the women had lived in Beringia, a land bridge that stretched from Asia to North America during this time.
(SFC, 3/14/08, p.A12)
12300BC In 2008 scientists reported that fossilized human feces found in 8 caves near Paisley, Ore., dated to about this time. The coprolites contained DNA with characteristics matching those of living Amerindians.
dna testing, dna ancestry testing, ancestry, genealogy, indian genealogy records, paternity testing, turquoise jewelry, native american jewelry
(SFC, 4/4/08, p.A4)(Econ, 4/5/08, p.84)
8024BC In 1976 scientists in southern California scientists unearthed skeletal remains dating to about this time and among the oldest ever found in the Western Hemisphere.
6000BC The Wappo Indians settle in the area northern California around Mt. Konocti 8,000 years ago. The eruption of Mt. Konocti millions of years earlier left a fissure in the earth through which ground water reaches the hot magma at 4,000 feet, and resurfaces as Indian Springs’ three thermal geysers at 212 degrees. The water rises through old sea beds adding rich mineral and salt traces.
(Flyer on Indian Springs, 7/95)
6000BC The Hokan Indians preceded the Miwoks in Northern California.
(SFEC, 10/4/98, p.B5)
200-1215 The Fremont people lived in Utah and etched into rock designs of animals and people.
(SFEC, 3/14/99, p.T8,9)
300-1300 The Anasazis inhabited the Canyon de Chelly and the Canyon del Muerto in northeast Arizona over this period.
(SFEC, 11/29/98, p.T8)
500 The northern California Emeryville Shellmound, CA-Ala 309, dates to about this time.
(Buckeye, Winter 04/05)
500-700 Evidence in 2005 suggested that Polynesians visited California during this period and transferred their canoe building technology to the local Chumash and Gabrielino Indians.
(SFC, 6/20/05, p.A5)
600-1300 Pueblo Indians built their Cliff Palace at Mesa Verde (Colorado).
(SFC, 7/25/00, p.A3)
750 Native peoples in southwest Colorado started building stone houses above ground, first one-story, then two. Ruins of these are scattered over the landscape and have the look of ones the Pueblo Indians-Hopi, Zuni and others of the Southwest live in today. They added beans, an important source of protein, to their diets, and began making simple grayware pots. They had bows and arrows.
800 Ohlone Indians occupied the cliffs near Mussel Rock, later Daly City, Ca., beginning from about this time.
1000 The Cahokia settlement in Southern Illinois numbered about 30,000.
(SFC, 3/20/99, p.B4)
1000 In Montana polychromatic rock drawings were made at Weatherman Draw, also known as the Valley of the Chiefs.
(SFC, 6/22/01, p.A7)
1000-1400 Indians inhabited an area at the junction of 2 creeks between Walnut Creek and Lafayette, Ca. A burial site was found there in 1904. In 2004 some 80 sets of human remains was found during the construction of the Hidden Oaks housing development.
(SFC, 6/22/04, p.A1)
1050 An Anasazi trade center in New Mexico offered pottery, turquoise and buffalo meat.
(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R49)
1150 A group of Anasazi villages in southwest Colorado were suddenly abandoned during a period of severe drought. In 2000 evidence showed that a raiding party had swept through the area, killed the inhabitants and ate their flesh.
(SFC, 9/6/00, p.A3)
1170 Madoc, a Welsh prince, is reputed to have discovered America. Many believe that he and his followers initially settled in the Georgia/Tennessee/ Kentucky area, eventually moving to the Upper Missouri, where they were assimilated into a tribe of the Mandans. New evidence is also emerging about a small band of Madoc’s followers who remained in the Ohio area and are called “White Madoc.”
1200 The Anasazi in southwest Colorado began building their cliff dwellings. Population was thriving. They were making corrugated pottery and handsomely decorated black and white pottery.
1250 The Anasazi in southwest Colorado fought a battle against unknown enemies. Number of kivas built greatly increased. Quality of workmanship in building decreased. People began to leave.
1275 Indian settlers built a town called Atsina on top of El Morro (New Mexico).
(SSFC, 4/10/05, p.F9)
1300 The Anasazi Indian culture of the American southwest disappeared about this time. All the Anasazi were gone from Mesa Verde. They probably moved south and broke up into present-day Pueblo tribes.
(SFC, 5/19/96, T-1)(HN, 2/11/97)
1300 The Mississippian people, the largest pre-Columbian culture north of Mexico, built the earthen city of Cahokia about this time. The site, discovered in southwestern Illinois, probably served as a religious center and may have had a population of up to 80,000. The Mississippians arose around 800 AD and remained a powerful influence until about the time of the first European explorers. The loose-knit theocracy held sway over much of present-day Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Missouri, Ohio and, not surprisingly, Mississippi. They also had settlements extending sporadically into the upper Midwest and across the western plains. The largest of the earthen mounds at Cahokia, called Monks Mound, is 700 feet wide, 100 feet tall and 1000 feet long–representing a colossal public works program and a government stable enough to order the construction.
1300 The Arapaho and Cheyenne Indian Nations settled the Colorado area.
(Time, 1990s Almanac CD)
1350 The Fremont Indians, who had lived in Utah’s Range Creek Canyon since about 200, disappeared from the archeological record.
(WSJ, 1/31/06, p.B6)(Sm, 3/06, p.74)